Abstract: Six polyynes OH-1~6, some of which are occur naturally in acetylated form, had been isolated and identified from the root bark of Oplopanax horridus (Devil’s Club), a natural dietary supplement and medicinal plant in North America. During the evaluation of the polyynes’ potential anticancer activities, sixteen more acetylated derivatives OHR-1~16 have synthesized and their anti-proliferation activity on MCF-7, MDA-MB-231, A549, HepG2 and LO2 cells assayed to elucidate their structure-activity relationships. The results showed that OH-1 ((3S, 8S)-falcarindiol) had the most potent anticancer activity, with IC50 values of 15.3, 23.5, 7.7 and 4.7 μM on MCF-7, A549, HepG2 and MDA-MB-231 cells, respectively. For the primary structure-activity relationship, the anticancer activities of polyynes become weaker if their hydroxyl groups are acetylated, the terminal double bonds transformed into single bonds or they contain one more methylene group in the main skeleton chain.
Keywords: polyynes; Oplopanax; anticancer; structure-activity relationship
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Huang, W.-H.; Shao, L.; Wang, C.-Z.; Yuan, C.-S.; Zhou, H.-H. Anticancer Activities of Polyynes from the Root Bark of Oplopanax horridus and Their Acetylated Derivatives. Molecules 2014, 19, 6142-6162.
Huang W-H, Shao L, Wang C-Z, Yuan C-S, Zhou H-H. Anticancer Activities of Polyynes from the Root Bark of Oplopanax horridus and Their Acetylated Derivatives. Molecules. 2014; 19(5):6142-6162.
Huang, Wei-Hua; Shao, Li; Wang, Chong-Zhi; Yuan, Chun-Su; Zhou, Hong-Hao. 2014. "Anticancer Activities of Polyynes from the Root Bark of Oplopanax horridus and Their Acetylated Derivatives." Molecules 19, no. 5: 6142-6162.