Abstract: Sesame (Sesamum indicum), an important oil crop, is widely grown in tropical and subtropical regions. It provides part of the daily edible oil allowance for almost half of the world’s population. A limited number of co-dominant markers has been developed and applied in sesame genetic diversity and germplasm identity studies. Here we report for the first time a whole genome survey used to develop simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers and to detect the genetic diversity of sesame germplasm. From the initial assembled sesame genome, 23,438 SSRs (≥5 repeats) were identified. The most common repeat motif was dinucleotide with a frequency of 84.24%, followed by 13.53% trinucleotide, 1.65% tetranucleotide, 0.3% pentanucleotide and 0.28% hexanucleotide motifs. From 1500 designed and synthesised primer pairs, 218 polymorphic SSRs were developed and used to screen 31 sesame accessions that from 12 countries. STRUCTURE and phylogenetic analyses indicated that all sesame accessions could be divided into two groups: one mainly from China and another from other countries. Cluster analysis classified Chinese major sesame varieties into three groups. These novel SSR markers are a useful tool for genetic linkage map construction, genetic diversity detection, and marker-assisted selective sesame breeding.
Keywords: SSR; genetic diversity; genome survey; sesame
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Wei, X.; Wang, L.; Zhang, Y.; Qi, X.; Wang, X.; Ding, X.; Zhang, J.; Zhang, X. Development of Simple Sequence Repeat (SSR) Markers of Sesame (Sesamum indicum) from a Genome Survey. Molecules 2014, 19, 5150-5162.
Wei X, Wang L, Zhang Y, Qi X, Wang X, Ding X, Zhang J, Zhang X. Development of Simple Sequence Repeat (SSR) Markers of Sesame (Sesamum indicum) from a Genome Survey. Molecules. 2014; 19(4):5150-5162.
Wei, Xin; Wang, Linhai; Zhang, Yanxin; Qi, Xiaoqiong; Wang, Xiaoling; Ding, Xia; Zhang, Jing; Zhang, Xiurong. 2014. "Development of Simple Sequence Repeat (SSR) Markers of Sesame (Sesamum indicum) from a Genome Survey." Molecules 19, no. 4: 5150-5162.