Molecules 2014, 19(4), 4256-4283; doi:10.3390/molecules19044256
Review

Superhydrophobic Surfaces Developed by Mimicking Hierarchical Surface Morphology of Lotus Leaf

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Received: 28 December 2013; in revised form: 26 February 2014 / Accepted: 17 March 2014 / Published: 4 April 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Surface Chemistry)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The lotus plant is recognized as a ‘King plant’ among all the natural water repellent plants due to its excellent non-wettability. The superhydrophobic surfaces exhibiting the famous ‘Lotus Effect’, along with extremely high water contact angle (>150°) and low sliding angle (<10°), have been broadly investigated and extensively applied on variety of substrates for potential self-cleaning and anti-corrosive applications. Since 1997, especially after the exploration of the surface micro/nanostructure and chemical composition of the lotus leaves by the two German botanists Barthlott and Neinhuis, many kinds of superhydrophobic surfaces mimicking the lotus leaf-like structure have been widely reported in the literature. This review article briefly describes the different wetting properties of the natural superhydrophobic lotus leaves and also provides a comprehensive state-of-the-art discussion on the extensive research carried out in the field of artificial superhydrophobic surfaces which are developed by mimicking the lotus leaf-like dual scale micro/nanostructure. This review article could be beneficial for both novice researchers in this area as well as the scientists who are currently working on non-wettable, superhydrophobic surfaces.
Keywords: lotus leaf; hierarchical; self-cleaning; superhydrophobic; wettability
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MDPI and ACS Style

Latthe, S.S.; Terashima, C.; Nakata, K.; Fujishima, A. Superhydrophobic Surfaces Developed by Mimicking Hierarchical Surface Morphology of Lotus Leaf. Molecules 2014, 19, 4256-4283.

AMA Style

Latthe SS, Terashima C, Nakata K, Fujishima A. Superhydrophobic Surfaces Developed by Mimicking Hierarchical Surface Morphology of Lotus Leaf. Molecules. 2014; 19(4):4256-4283.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Latthe, Sanjay S.; Terashima, Chiaki; Nakata, Kazuya; Fujishima, Akira. 2014. "Superhydrophobic Surfaces Developed by Mimicking Hierarchical Surface Morphology of Lotus Leaf." Molecules 19, no. 4: 4256-4283.

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