Abstract: One new coumarin, dryofracoumarin A (1), and eight known compounds 2–9 were isolated from Dryopteris fragrans (L.) Schott. Their structures were established on the basis of extensive spectroscopic data analyses and comparison with reported spectroscopic data. The new compound 1 was determined to be 8-hydroxyl-4-isopropyl-7-methyl-6-methyl-2H-benzopyran-2-one. Two dimers, trans- and cis-3-(3,4-dimethoxyphen-yl)-4-[(E)-3,4-dimethoxystyryl]cyclohex-1-ene (compounds 8 and 9), were isolated from the Dryopteris genus for the first time. The other six were esculetin (2), isoscopoletin (3), methylphlorbutyrophenone (4), aspidinol (5), albicanol (6) and (E)-4-(3,4-dimethoxyphen-yl)but-3-en-1-ol (7). All compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxic effects by the MTT assay. Compounds 2, 3, 8 and 9 showed significantly cytotoxic effects against three cell lines (A549, MCF7 and HepG2), 1 and 5 against two cell lines (A549 and MCF7), and 6 against one cell line (MCF7). Their IC50 values ranged between 2.73 ± 0.86 μM and 24.14 ± 3.12 μM. These active compounds might be promising lead compounds for the treatment of cancer.
Keywords: Dryopteris fragrans (L.) Schott; compounds; MTT; cytotoxic activity
Export to BibTeX
MDPI and ACS Style
Zhao, D.-D.; Zhao, Q.-S.; Liu, L.; Chen, Z.-Q.; Zeng, W.-M.; Lei, H.; Zhang, Y.-L. Compounds from Dryopteris Fragrans (L.) Schott with Cytotoxic Activity. Molecules 2014, 19, 3345-3355.
Zhao D-D, Zhao Q-S, Liu L, Chen Z-Q, Zeng W-M, Lei H, Zhang Y-L. Compounds from Dryopteris Fragrans (L.) Schott with Cytotoxic Activity. Molecules. 2014; 19(3):3345-3355.
Zhao, Dan-Dan; Zhao, Qin-Shi; Liu, Li; Chen, Zhong-Qin; Zeng, Wei-Min; Lei, Hong; Zhang, Yan-Long. 2014. "Compounds from Dryopteris Fragrans (L.) Schott with Cytotoxic Activity." Molecules 19, no. 3: 3345-3355.