Molecules 2014, 19(3), 2957-2968; doi:10.3390/molecules19032957
Article

The Influence of Chemical Surface Modification of Kenaf Fiber using Hydrogen Peroxide on the Mechanical Properties of Biodegradable Kenaf Fiber/Poly(Lactic Acid) Composites

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Received: 4 November 2013; in revised form: 20 February 2014 / Accepted: 21 February 2014 / Published: 7 March 2014
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Bleaching treatment of kenaf fiber was performed in alkaline medium containing hydrogen peroxide solution maintained at pH 11 and 80 °C for 60 min. The bleached kenaf fiber was analyzed using Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) and X-ray Diffraction (XRD) analysis. The bleached kenaf fiber was then compounded with poly-(lactic acid) (PLA) via a melt blending method. The mechanical (tensile, flexural and impact) performance of the product was tested. The fiber treatment improved the mechanical properties of PLA/bleached kenaf fiber composites. Scanning electron micrograph (SEM) morphological analysis showed improvement of the interfacial adhesion between the fiber surface and polymer matrix.
Keywords: poly(lactic acid); kenaf fiber; melt blending; hydrogen peroxide; composite
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MDPI and ACS Style

Razak, N.I.A.; Ibrahim, N.A.; Zainuddin, N.; Rayung, M.; Saad, W.Z. The Influence of Chemical Surface Modification of Kenaf Fiber using Hydrogen Peroxide on the Mechanical Properties of Biodegradable Kenaf Fiber/Poly(Lactic Acid) Composites. Molecules 2014, 19, 2957-2968.

AMA Style

Razak NIA, Ibrahim NA, Zainuddin N, Rayung M, Saad WZ. The Influence of Chemical Surface Modification of Kenaf Fiber using Hydrogen Peroxide on the Mechanical Properties of Biodegradable Kenaf Fiber/Poly(Lactic Acid) Composites. Molecules. 2014; 19(3):2957-2968.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Razak, Nur I.A.; Ibrahim, Nor A.; Zainuddin, Norhazlin; Rayung, Marwah; Saad, Wan Z. 2014. "The Influence of Chemical Surface Modification of Kenaf Fiber using Hydrogen Peroxide on the Mechanical Properties of Biodegradable Kenaf Fiber/Poly(Lactic Acid) Composites." Molecules 19, no. 3: 2957-2968.

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