Sulfated Chitosan Oligosaccharides Suppress LPS-Induced NO Production via JNK and NF-κB Inactivation
AbstractVarious biological effects have been reported for sulfated chitosan oligosaccharides, but the molecular mechanisms of action of their anti-inflammatory effects are still unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the anti-inflammatory effects of sulfated chitosan oligosaccharides and to elucidate the possible mechanisms of action. The results showed that pretreated low molecular weight sulfated chitosan oligosaccharides inhibited the production of nitric oxide (NO) and inflammatory cytokines such as IL-6 and TNF-α in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated RAW264.7 cells. The sulfated chitosan oligosaccharides also suppressed inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), phosphorylation of JNK and translocation of p65, a subunit of NF-κB, into the nucleus by inhibiting degradation of IκB-α. Our investigation suggests sulfated chitosan oligosaccharides inhibit IL-6/TNF-α in LPS-induced macrophages, regulated by mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) pathways dependent on NF-κB activation. View Full-Text
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Kim, J.-H.; Kim, Y.-S.; Hwang, J.-W.; Han, Y.-K.; Lee, J.-S.; Kim, S.-K.; Jeon, Y.-J.; Moon, S.-H.; Jeon, B.-T.; Bahk, Y.Y.; Park, P.-J. Sulfated Chitosan Oligosaccharides Suppress LPS-Induced NO Production via JNK and NF-κB Inactivation. Molecules 2014, 19, 18232-18247.
Kim J-H, Kim Y-S, Hwang J-W, Han Y-K, Lee J-S, Kim S-K, Jeon Y-J, Moon S-H, Jeon B-T, Bahk YY, Park P-J. Sulfated Chitosan Oligosaccharides Suppress LPS-Induced NO Production via JNK and NF-κB Inactivation. Molecules. 2014; 19(11):18232-18247.Chicago/Turabian Style
Kim, Jung-Hyun; Kim, Yon-Suk; Hwang, Jin-Woo; Han, Young-Ki; Lee, Jung-Suck; Kim, Se-Kwon; Jeon, You-Jin; Moon, Sang-Ho; Jeon, Byong-Tae; Bahk, Young Y.; Park, Pyo-Jam. 2014. "Sulfated Chitosan Oligosaccharides Suppress LPS-Induced NO Production via JNK and NF-κB Inactivation." Molecules 19, no. 11: 18232-18247.