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Molecules 2014, 19(10), 16240-16265; doi:10.3390/molecules191016240

Flavonoids as Important Molecules of Plant Interactions with the Environment

Faculty of Biotechnology, Wroclaw University, Przybyszewskiego 63/77, 51-148 Wroclaw, Poland
These authors contributed equally to this work
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Received: 30 May 2014 / Revised: 15 September 2014 / Accepted: 16 September 2014 / Published: 10 October 2014
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Abstract

Flavonoids are small molecular secondary metabolites synthesized by plants with various biological activities. Due to their physical and biochemical properties, they are capable of participating in plants’ interactions with other organisms (microorganisms, animals and other plants) and their reactions to environmental stresses. The majority of their functions result from their strong antioxidative properties. Although an increasing number of studies focus on the application of flavonoids in medicine or the food industry, their relevance for the plants themselves also deserves extensive investigations. This review summarizes the current knowledge on the functions of flavonoids in the physiology of plants and their relations with the environment. View Full-Text
Keywords: secondary metabolites; flavonoids; antioxidants; plant protection secondary metabolites; flavonoids; antioxidants; plant protection
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Mierziak, J.; Kostyn, K.; Kulma, A. Flavonoids as Important Molecules of Plant Interactions with the Environment. Molecules 2014, 19, 16240-16265.

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