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Molecules 2014, 19(1), 291-305; doi:10.3390/molecules19010291
Article

Protective Effects of Quercetin and Quercetin-5',8-Disulfonate against Carbon Tetrachloride-Caused Oxidative Liver Injury in Mice

1, 1, 2, 2 and 1,*
1 School of Pharmacy, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032, China 2 College of Food Engineering and Nutritional Science, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 November 2013 / Revised: 5 December 2013 / Accepted: 12 December 2013 / Published: 27 December 2013
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Abstract

Oxidative stress is one of the major factors in the pathogenesis of liver disease. Quercetin is a plant-based antioxidant traditionally used as a treatment for hepatic injury, but its poor solubility affects its bioavailability. We here report the regulative effects on hepatoprotection and absorption in mice of quercetin sulfation to form quercetin-5',8-disulfonate (QS), a novel synthetic compound. Oral administration of both QS and the parent quercetin at 100, 200 and 500 mg/kg·bw prior to acute CCl4 oxidative damage in mice, effectively attenuated serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activities and hepatic malondialdehyde (MDA) levels (p < 0.05), and suppressed the CCl4-induced depletion of glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD). Selective 5',8-sulfation of quercetin increased the hepatoprotective effect, and its relative absorption relative to quercetin (p < 0.05) as indicated by an improved 24-hour urinary excretion and a decreased fecal excretion determined by HPLC. These results and histopathological observations collectively demonstrate that quercetin sulfation increases its hepatoprotective effects and absorption in mice, and QS has potential as a chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic agent for liver diseases.
Keywords: quercetin; quercetin-5',8-disulfonate; hepatoprotective effects; HPLC; absorption quercetin; quercetin-5',8-disulfonate; hepatoprotective effects; HPLC; absorption
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).
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Cui, Y.; Han, Y.; Yang, X.; Sun, Y.; Zhao, Y. Protective Effects of Quercetin and Quercetin-5',8-Disulfonate against Carbon Tetrachloride-Caused Oxidative Liver Injury in Mice. Molecules 2014, 19, 291-305.

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