Abstract: This study investigated the antioxidative and obsteoblast differentiation promoting activity of the phenolics isolated from the 70% ethanol extract of the roots of Livistona chinensis. Two new phenolics, (2R,3R)-3,5,6,7,3',4'-hexahydroxyflavane (1), and phenanthrene-2,4,9-triol (2), together with six known phenolics 3–8, were isolated and identified on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analysis. The antioxidative and obsteoblast differentiation promoting abilities of the compounds 1–3, 7–8 were tested, the phenolics 1–3, 7 showed effects on proliferation of osteoblastic cells and antioxidative activity of 3.125–50 µg/mL. In addition, the phenolics 1–3 observably increased alkaline phosphatase activity, osteocalcin content and hydroxyproline content in osteoblastic cells. Phenolic 1 at 12.5 µg/mL concentration significantly increased the area of nodules by about 9.35-fold. The antioxidative activity results indicated that the anti-osteoporosis effects of these phenolics may be linked to a reduction of oxidative stress. The observed effects of these phenolics on bone formation by rat osteoblastic cells suggest that these phenolics may have beneficial effects on bone health.
Keywords: phenolic; flavane; Livistona chinensis; osteoporosis; oxidative stress
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Zeng, X.; Tian, J.; Cui, L.; Wang, Y.; Su, Y.; Zhou, X.; He, X. The Phenolics from the Roots of Livistona chinensis Show Antioxidative and Obsteoblast Differentiation Promoting Activity. Molecules 2014, 19, 263-278.
Zeng X, Tian J, Cui L, Wang Y, Su Y, Zhou X, He X. The Phenolics from the Roots of Livistona chinensis Show Antioxidative and Obsteoblast Differentiation Promoting Activity. Molecules. 2014; 19(1):263-278.
Zeng, Xiaobin; Tian, Jun; Cui, Liao; Wang, Yang; Su, Yanjie; Zhou, Xin; He, Xiangjiu. 2014. "The Phenolics from the Roots of Livistona chinensis Show Antioxidative and Obsteoblast Differentiation Promoting Activity." Molecules 19, no. 1: 263-278.