Molecules 2013, 18(8), 9919-9932; doi:10.3390/molecules18089919
Article

Chemistry and Antiviral Activity of Arrabidaea pulchra (Bignoniaceae)

1,2, 3, 1, 4 and 1,* email
Received: 26 April 2013; in revised form: 22 July 2013 / Accepted: 24 July 2013 / Published: 16 August 2013
(This article belongs to the Section Natural Products)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The aim of the present work was to carry out a bioguided isolation of antiviral chemical constituents from an ethanol extract of leaves from Arrabidaea pulchra (Cham.) Sandwith (EEAPL) that had shown in vitro activity in a previous screening using DNA and RNA viruses. The activity of EEPAL was evaluated against the DNA viruses Human herpesvirus 1 (HSV-1) and Vaccinia virus Western Reserve (VACV-WR) as well as against the RNA viruses Murine encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV), and Dengue virus 2 (DENV-2) by the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) colorimetric assay. Cytotoxicity was determined in LLCMK2 and Vero cells and the Selectivity Indexes (SI) were calculated. The most potent effect was observed against DENV-2 (EC50 46.8 ± 1.6 µg mL−1; SI 2.7). For HSV-1 and VACV-WR EC50 values > 200 µg mL−1 were determined, while no inhibition of the cytopathic effect was observed with EMCV. Bioguided fractionation of EEAPL by partition between immiscible solvents followed by chromatography over a Sephadex LH20 column afforded two arylpropanoid glycosides, verbascoside (AP 1) and caffeoylcalleryanin (AP 2), along with a terpenoid, ursolic acid (AP 3). AP 1 and AP 3 exhibited similar anti-DENV-2 profiles, with SI values of 3.8 and 3.1, respectively, while AP 2 was the most effective anti-DENV-2 constituent, with a SI of 20.0. Our results show that A. pulchra leaves ethanol extract (EEAPL) affords compounds with antiviral activity, mainly against DENV-2.
Keywords: antiviral activity; dengue virus; Arrabidaea pulchra; verbascoside; caffeoylcallerianin
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MDPI and ACS Style

Brandão, G.C.; Kroon, E.G.; Souza, D.E.; Filho, J.D.S.; Oliveira, A.B. Chemistry and Antiviral Activity of Arrabidaea pulchra (Bignoniaceae). Molecules 2013, 18, 9919-9932.

AMA Style

Brandão GC, Kroon EG, Souza DE, Filho JDS, Oliveira AB. Chemistry and Antiviral Activity of Arrabidaea pulchra (Bignoniaceae). Molecules. 2013; 18(8):9919-9932.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Brandão, Geraldo C.; Kroon, Erna G.; Souza, Danielle E.; Filho, José D.S.; Oliveira, Alaíde B. 2013. "Chemistry and Antiviral Activity of Arrabidaea pulchra (Bignoniaceae)." Molecules 18, no. 8: 9919-9932.

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