Molecules 2013, 18(8), 8976-8993; doi:10.3390/molecules18088976
Article

Fructus Gardenia Extract Ameliorates Oxonate-Induced Hyperuricemia with Renal Dysfunction in Mice by Regulating Organic Ion Transporters and mOIT3

1, 2, 1, 1, 1 and 1,* email
Received: 17 June 2013; in revised form: 19 July 2013 / Accepted: 23 July 2013 / Published: 29 July 2013
(This article belongs to the Section Metabolites)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The potent anti-hyperuricemia activities of Fructus Gardenia Extract (FGE) have been well reported. The aim of this study was to evaluate the uricosuric and nephro-protective effects of FGE and explore its possible mechanisms of action in oxonate-induced hyperuricemic mice. FGE was orally administered to hyperuricemic and normal mice for 1 week. Serum and urinary levels of uric acid, creatinine and blood urea nitrogen (BUN), and fractional excretion of uric acid (FEUA) were measured. The mRNA and protein levels of mouse urate transporter 1 (mURAT1), glucose transporter 9 (mGLUT9), ATP-binding cassette, subfamily G, 2 (mABCG2), organic anion transporter 1 (mOAT1), mOAT3, oncoprotein induced transcript 3 (mOIT3), organic cation/carnitine transporters in the kidney were analyzed. Simultaneously, Tamm-Horsfall glycoprotein (THP) levels in urine and kidney were detected. FGE significantly reduced serum urate levels and increased urinary urate levels and FEUA in hyperuricemic mice. It could also effectively reverse oxonate-induced alterations in renal mURAT1, mGLUT9, mOAT1 and mOIT3 expressions, as well as THP levels, resulting in the enhancement of renal uric acid excretion. Moreover, FGE decreased serum creatinine and BUN levels, and up-regulated expression of organic cation/carnitine transporters, improving renal dysfunction in this model. Furthermore, FGE decreased renal mABCG2 expressions in hyperuricemic mice, contributing to its beneficial actions. However, further investigation is needed in clinical trials of FGE and its bioactive components.
Keywords: Fructus Gardenia Extract; hyperuricemia; renal dysfunction; renal organic ion transporters; mOIT3
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hu, Q.-H.; Zhu, J.-X.; Ji, J.; Wei, L.-L.; Miao, M.-X.; Ji, H. Fructus Gardenia Extract Ameliorates Oxonate-Induced Hyperuricemia with Renal Dysfunction in Mice by Regulating Organic Ion Transporters and mOIT3. Molecules 2013, 18, 8976-8993.

AMA Style

Hu Q-H, Zhu J-X, Ji J, Wei L-L, Miao M-X, Ji H. Fructus Gardenia Extract Ameliorates Oxonate-Induced Hyperuricemia with Renal Dysfunction in Mice by Regulating Organic Ion Transporters and mOIT3. Molecules. 2013; 18(8):8976-8993.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hu, Qing-Hua; Zhu, Ji-Xiao; Ji, Jing; Wei, Lin-Lin; Miao, Ming-Xing; Ji, Hui. 2013. "Fructus Gardenia Extract Ameliorates Oxonate-Induced Hyperuricemia with Renal Dysfunction in Mice by Regulating Organic Ion Transporters and mOIT3." Molecules 18, no. 8: 8976-8993.

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