Molecules 2013, 18(5), 5891-5935; doi:10.3390/molecules18055891
Review

Metabolites from Alternaria Fungi and Their Bioactivities

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Received: 18 March 2013; in revised form: 6 May 2013 / Accepted: 16 May 2013 / Published: 21 May 2013
(This article belongs to the Section Metabolites)
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Abstract: Alternaria is a cosmopolitan fungal genus widely distributing in soil and organic matter. It includes saprophytic, endophytic and pathogenic species. At least 268 metabolites from Alternaria fungi have been reported in the past few decades. They mainly include nitrogen-containing metabolites, steroids, terpenoids, pyranones, quinones, and phenolics. This review aims to briefly summarize the structurally different metabolites produced by Alternaria fungi, as well as their occurrences, biological activities and functions. Some considerations related to synthesis, biosynthesis, production and applications of the metabolites from Alternaria fungi are also discussed.
Keywords: metabolites; Alternaria fungi; biological activities; phytotoxins; mycotoxins; endophytes; plant pathogens
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Lou, J.; Fu, L.; Peng, Y.; Zhou, L. Metabolites from Alternaria Fungi and Their Bioactivities. Molecules 2013, 18, 5891-5935.

AMA Style

Lou J, Fu L, Peng Y, Zhou L. Metabolites from Alternaria Fungi and Their Bioactivities. Molecules. 2013; 18(5):5891-5935.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lou, Jingfeng; Fu, Linyun; Peng, Youliang; Zhou, Ligang. 2013. "Metabolites from Alternaria Fungi and Their Bioactivities." Molecules 18, no. 5: 5891-5935.


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