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Metabolites from Alternaria Fungi and Their Bioactivities
MOA Key Laboratory of Plant Pathology, Department of Plant Pathology, College of Agronomy and Biotechnology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 March 2013; in revised form: 6 May 2013 / Accepted: 16 May 2013 / Published: 21 May 2013
Abstract: Alternaria is a cosmopolitan fungal genus widely distributing in soil and organic matter. It includes saprophytic, endophytic and pathogenic species. At least 268 metabolites from Alternaria fungi have been reported in the past few decades. They mainly include nitrogen-containing metabolites, steroids, terpenoids, pyranones, quinones, and phenolics. This review aims to briefly summarize the structurally different metabolites produced by Alternaria fungi, as well as their occurrences, biological activities and functions. Some considerations related to synthesis, biosynthesis, production and applications of the metabolites from Alternaria fungi are also discussed.
Keywords: metabolites; Alternaria fungi; biological activities; phytotoxins; mycotoxins; endophytes; plant pathogens
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MDPI and ACS Style
Lou, J.; Fu, L.; Peng, Y.; Zhou, L. Metabolites from Alternaria Fungi and Their Bioactivities. Molecules 2013, 18, 5891-5935.
Lou J, Fu L, Peng Y, Zhou L. Metabolites from Alternaria Fungi and Their Bioactivities. Molecules. 2013; 18(5):5891-5935.
Lou, Jingfeng; Fu, Linyun; Peng, Youliang; Zhou, Ligang. 2013. "Metabolites from Alternaria Fungi and Their Bioactivities." Molecules 18, no. 5: 5891-5935.