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From Selenium- to Tellurium-Based Glass Optical Fibers for Infrared Spectroscopies
UMR 6226 Sciences Chimiques de Rennes-Verres & Céramiques, Université de Rennes 1-CNRS, Campus de Beaulieu, 35042 Rennes Cedex, France
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
Centre de Recherche sur les Ions, les Matériaux et la Photonique (CIMAP), UMR 6252 CEA-CNRS-ENSICaen, Université de Caen, 14050 Caen, France
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 March 2013; in revised form: 22 April 2013 / Accepted: 6 May 2013 / Published: 10 May 2013
Abstract: Chalcogenide glasses are based on sulfur, selenium and tellurium elements, and have been studied for several decades regarding different applications. Among them, selenide glasses exhibit excellent infrared transmission in the 1 to 15 µm region. Due to their good thermo-mechanical properties, these glasses could be easily shaped into optical devices such as lenses and optical fibers. During the past decade of research, selenide glass fibers have been proved to be suitable for infrared sensing in an original spectroscopic method named Fiber Evanescent Wave Spectroscopy (FEWS). FEWS has provided very nice and promising results, for example for medical diagnosis. Then, some sophisticated fibers, also based on selenide glasses, were developed: rare-earth doped fibers and microstructured fibers. In parallel, the study of telluride glasses, which can have transmission up to 28 µm due to its atom heaviness, has been intensified thanks to the DARWIN mission led by the European Space Agency (ESA). The development of telluride glass fiber enables a successful observation of CO2 absorption band located around 15 µm. In this paper we review recent results obtained in the Glass and Ceramics Laboratory at Rennes on the development of selenide to telluride glass optical fibers, and their use for spectroscopy from the mid to the far infrared ranges.
Keywords: selenide glass; telluride glass; optical fiber; infrared spectroscopy
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Cui, S.; Chahal, R.; Boussard-Plédel, C.; Nazabal, V.; Doualan, J.-L.; Troles, J.; Lucas, J.; Bureau, B. From Selenium- to Tellurium-Based Glass Optical Fibers for Infrared Spectroscopies. Molecules 2013, 18, 5373-5388.
Cui S, Chahal R, Boussard-Plédel C, Nazabal V, Doualan J-L, Troles J, Lucas J, Bureau B. From Selenium- to Tellurium-Based Glass Optical Fibers for Infrared Spectroscopies. Molecules. 2013; 18(5):5373-5388.
Cui, Shuo; Chahal, Radwan; Boussard-Plédel, Catherine; Nazabal, Virginie; Doualan, Jean-Louis; Troles, Johann; Lucas, Jacques; Bureau, Bruno. 2013. "From Selenium- to Tellurium-Based Glass Optical Fibers for Infrared Spectroscopies." Molecules 18, no. 5: 5373-5388.