Abstract: Rational design of peptide vaccines becomes important for the treatment of some diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and related disorders. In this study, as part of a larger effort to explore correlations of structure and activity, we attempt to characterize the doubly phosphorylated chimeric peptide vaccine targeting a hyperphosphorylated epitope of the Tau protein. The 28-mer linear chimeric peptide consists of the double phosphorylated B cell epitope Tau229-237[pThr231/pSer235] and the immunomodulatory T cell epitope Ag85B241-255 originating from the well-known antigen Ag85B of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis, linked by a four amino acid sequence -GPSL-. NMR chemical shift analysis of our construct demonstrated that the synthesized peptide is essentially unfolded with a tendency to form a β-turn due to the linker. In conclusion, the -GPSL- unit presumably connects the two parts of the vaccine without transferring any structural information from one part to the other. Therefore, the double phosphorylated epitope of the Tau peptide is flexible and accessible.
Keywords: NMR spectroscopy; Biological Magnetic Resonance Data Bank; Alzheimer’s disease; peptide vaccine; B cell epitope; T cell epitope; Tau protein; hyperphosphorylation; Mycobacterium tuberculosis
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Ramírez-Gualito, K.; Richter, M.; Matzapetakis, M.; Singer, D.; Berger, S. Structural Characterization by NMR of a Double Phosphorylated Chimeric Peptide Vaccine for Treatment of Alzheimer’s Disease. Molecules 2013, 18, 4929-4941.
Ramírez-Gualito K, Richter M, Matzapetakis M, Singer D, Berger S. Structural Characterization by NMR of a Double Phosphorylated Chimeric Peptide Vaccine for Treatment of Alzheimer’s Disease. Molecules. 2013; 18(5):4929-4941.
Ramírez-Gualito, Karla; Richter, Monique; Matzapetakis, Manolis; Singer, David; Berger, Stefan. 2013. "Structural Characterization by NMR of a Double Phosphorylated Chimeric Peptide Vaccine for Treatment of Alzheimer’s Disease." Molecules 18, no. 5: 4929-4941.