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Associations of Volatile Compounds with Sensory Aroma and Flavor: The Complex Nature of Flavor
The Sensory Analysis Center, Justin Hall-Dept HN, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506-1407, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 March 2013; in revised form: 12 April 2013 / Accepted: 19 April 2013 / Published: 25 April 2013
Abstract: Attempts to relate sensory analysis data to specific chemicals such as volatile compounds have been frequent. Often these associations are difficult to interpret or are weak in nature. Although some difficulties may relate to the methods used, the difficulties also result from the complex nature of flavor. For example, there are multiple volatiles responsible for a flavor sensation, combinations of volatiles yield different flavors than those expected from individual compounds, and the differences in perception of volatiles in different matrices. This review identifies some of the reasons sensory analysis and instrumental measurements result in poor associations and suggests issues that need to be addressed in future research for better understanding of the relationships of flavor/aroma phenomena and chemical composition.
Keywords: flavor; aroma; sensory analysis; instrumental
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Chambers, E., IV; Koppel, K. Associations of Volatile Compounds with Sensory Aroma and Flavor: The Complex Nature of Flavor. Molecules 2013, 18, 4887-4905.
Chambers E, IV, Koppel K. Associations of Volatile Compounds with Sensory Aroma and Flavor: The Complex Nature of Flavor. Molecules. 2013; 18(5):4887-4905.
Chambers, Edgar, IV; Koppel, Kadri. 2013. "Associations of Volatile Compounds with Sensory Aroma and Flavor: The Complex Nature of Flavor." Molecules 18, no. 5: 4887-4905.