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Molecules 2013, 18(4), 4467-4476; doi:10.3390/molecules18044467
Review

H/D Isotope Effects in Hydrogen Bonded Systems

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Received: 26 February 2013; in revised form: 18 March 2013 / Accepted: 5 April 2013 / Published: 16 April 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Isotope Effects)
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Abstract: An extremely strong H/D isotope effect observed in hydrogen bonded A-HB systems is connected with a reach diversity of the potential shape for the proton/deuteron motion. It is connected with the anharmonicity of the proton/deuteron vibrations and of the tunneling effect, particularly in cases of short bridges with low barrier for protonic and deuteronic jumping. Six extreme shapes of the proton motion are presented starting from the state without possibility of the proton transfer up to the state with a full ionization. The manifestations of the H/D isotope effect are best reflected in the infra-red absorption spectra. A most characteristic is the run of the relationship between the isotopic ratio nH/nD and position of the absorption band shown by using the example of NHN hydrogen bonds. One can distinguish a critical range of correlation when the isotopic ratio reaches the value of ca. 1 and then increases up to unusual values higher than . The critical range of the isotope effect is also visible in NQR and NMR spectra. In the critical region one observes a stepwise change of the NQR frequency reaching 1.1 MHz. In the case of NMR, the maximal isotope effect is reflected on the curve presenting the dependence of Δd (1H,2H) on d (1H). This effect corresponds to the range of maximum on the correlation curve between dH and ΔpKa that is observed in various systems. There is a lack in the literature of quantitative information about the influence of isotopic substitution on the dielectric properties of hydrogen bond except the isotope effect on the ferroelectric phase transition in some hydrogen bonded crystals.
Keywords: hydrogen bonding; isotope effects; infrared spectra; NQR and NMR spectra; ferroelectric properties hydrogen bonding; isotope effects; infrared spectra; NQR and NMR spectra; ferroelectric properties
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Sobczyk, L.; Obrzud, M.; Filarowski, A. H/D Isotope Effects in Hydrogen Bonded Systems. Molecules 2013, 18, 4467-4476.

AMA Style

Sobczyk L, Obrzud M, Filarowski A. H/D Isotope Effects in Hydrogen Bonded Systems. Molecules. 2013; 18(4):4467-4476.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sobczyk, Lucjan; Obrzud, Monika; Filarowski, Aleksander. 2013. "H/D Isotope Effects in Hydrogen Bonded Systems." Molecules 18, no. 4: 4467-4476.



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