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Molecules 2013, 18(3), 2663-2682; doi:10.3390/molecules18032663
Review

Grewia asiatica L., a Food Plant with Multiple Uses

1
, 2
, 3
 and 4,*
1 Department of Pharmacognosy, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270, Pakistan 2 Department of Biology and Ecology, Faculty of Science, University of Kragujevac, Street Radoja Domanovića No. 12, Kragujevac 34000, Serbia 3 Department of Chemistry, Government College University Faisalabad, Faisalabad-38000, Pakistan 4 Department of Pharmacy, University of Salerno, Fisciano, Salerno 84084, Italy
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 January 2013 / Revised: 8 February 2013 / Accepted: 20 February 2013 / Published: 28 February 2013
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Abstract

Grewia asiatica L., is a species native to south Asia from Pakistan, east to Cambodia, cultivated primarily for its edible fruit and well-reputed for its diverse medicinal uses. Fruits are a rich source of nutrients such as proteins, amino acids, vitamins, and minerals and contain various bioactive compounds, like anthocyanins, tannins, phenolics and flavonoids. Different parts of this plant possess different pharmacological properties. Leaves have antimicrobial, anticancer, antiplatelet and antiemetic activities; fruit possess anticancer, antioxidant, radioprotective and antihyperglycemic properties; while stem bark possesses analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities. This review focuses on the botanical description, phytochemistry, nutritional studies and pharmacological properties of this plant.
Keywords: Grewia asiatica; phytochemistry; nutrition; pharmacological properties Grewia asiatica; phytochemistry; nutrition; pharmacological properties
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Zia-Ul-Haq, M.; Stanković, M.S.; Rizwan, K.; Feo, V.D. Grewia asiatica L., a Food Plant with Multiple Uses. Molecules 2013, 18, 2663-2682.

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