Molecules 2013, 18(12), 15636-15647; doi:10.3390/molecules181215636
Article

Vascular Aldosterone Production at the Pre-Diabetic Stage of Young Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) Rats, Compared with Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka (LETO) Rats

Endocrinology and Diabetes Center, Yokohama Rosai Hospital, 3211 Kozukue-cho, Kohoku-ku, Yokohama 222-0036, Japan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 September 2013; in revised form: 10 December 2013 / Accepted: 10 December 2013 / Published: 13 December 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Steroids)
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Abstract: We examined the ability of aortic smooth muscle cells (AoSMC) prepared from spontaneously diabetic rats to produce aldosterone (Aldo) and the regulatory mechanism that controls their Aldo production. AoSMC of 6 week-old Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka (LETO: the control group) and 6 week-old Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF: the type 2 diabetes group) rats were used in the present experiments. CYP11B2 (Aldo synthetase) mRNA expression was detected in both the LETO and OLETF AoSMC. Basal Aldo production was significantly greater (4–5 fold higher) in the OLETF AoSMC culture medium than in the LETO AoSMC culture medium. When AoSMC were co-incubated with high-density lipoproteins (HDL), supplying cholesterol as a substrate for steroidogenesis in rats, angiotensin II (AII) significantly increased greater Aldo production in the OLETF AoSMC than in the LETO AoSMC. The present data suggested that future onset of diabetic vascular dysfunction is partly caused by excess Aldo production by AoSMC in young OLETF rats. Concomitant stimulation by HDL and AII resulted in elevated Aldo production in the OLETF and the LETO AoSMC, and also demonstrated that AII-induced Aldo production is greatly enhanced by HDL in OLETF, rather than in LETO. In conclusion, our data clearly demonstrated that Aldo production in the OLETF AoSMC was significantly higher than in the LETO AoSMC, suggesting possible future onset of vascular dysfunction in diabetes, induced by local Aldo production in the AoSMC.
Keywords: CYP11B2; aldosterone; diabetes; LETO; OLETF; aortic smooth muscle cells

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MDPI and ACS Style

Matsuzawa, Y.; Suematsu, S.; Saito, J.; Omura, M.; Nishikawa, T. Vascular Aldosterone Production at the Pre-Diabetic Stage of Young Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) Rats, Compared with Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka (LETO) Rats. Molecules 2013, 18, 15636-15647.

AMA Style

Matsuzawa Y, Suematsu S, Saito J, Omura M, Nishikawa T. Vascular Aldosterone Production at the Pre-Diabetic Stage of Young Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) Rats, Compared with Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka (LETO) Rats. Molecules. 2013; 18(12):15636-15647.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Matsuzawa, Yoko; Suematsu, Sachiko; Saito, Jun; Omura, Masao; Nishikawa, Tetsuo. 2013. "Vascular Aldosterone Production at the Pre-Diabetic Stage of Young Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) Rats, Compared with Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka (LETO) Rats." Molecules 18, no. 12: 15636-15647.

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