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Molecules 2013, 18(12), 15448-15463; doi:10.3390/molecules181215448

In Vitro Action of Flavonoids in the Canine Malignant Histiocytic Cell Line DH82

Biotechnology Unit, University of Ribeirão Preto, Ribeirão Preto 14096-900, SP, Brazil
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Received: 28 October 2013 / Revised: 17 November 2013 / Accepted: 18 November 2013 / Published: 12 December 2013
(This article belongs to the Section Natural Products)
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Abstract

Cancer is commonly diagnosed in dogs over the age of 10 and is a leading cause of death due to the lack of effective drugs. Flavonoids possess antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anticarcinogenic properties and have been studied as chemopreventive agents in human cancer therapy. However, the literature on dogs is sparse. In this study, we analyzed the effect of nine flavonoids on cell viability, DNA damage and topoisomerase IIa/IIb gene expression in a canine tumor cell line (DH82). Apigenin, luteolin, trans-chalcone and 4-methoxychalcone showed the highest degree of cytotoxicity in the absence of considerable DNA damage, whereas genistein exhibited low cytotoxicity but induced a high level of DNA damage. These five flavonoids inhibited topoisomerase IIa and IIb gene expression to variable extents and with variable specificity. Genistein exerted a lower inhibitory effect on the two topoisomerases than luteolin and apigenin. trans-Chalcone and 4-methoxychalcone exerted greater inhibition of topoisomerase IIa expression than topoisomerase IIb. The differences in the effects between genistein and luteolin and apigenin might be explained by the position of ring B, whereas the more specific effect of chalcones on topoisomerase IIa might be due to their open chain structure.
Keywords: canine cancer; cytotoxicity; DNA damage; flavonoids; topoisomerase II canine cancer; cytotoxicity; DNA damage; flavonoids; topoisomerase II
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Silva, G.; Fachin, A.L.; Beleboni, R.O.; França, S.C.; Marins, M. In Vitro Action of Flavonoids in the Canine Malignant Histiocytic Cell Line DH82. Molecules 2013, 18, 15448-15463.

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