Molecules 2013, 18(11), 14105-14121; doi:10.3390/molecules181114105
Article

Chemical Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Tánara Ótó (Dracocephalum palmatum Stephan), a Medicinal Plant Used by the North-Yakutian Nomads

1,* email, 2email, 3email and 3,4,5email
Received: 11 October 2013; in revised form: 6 November 2013 / Accepted: 8 November 2013 / Published: 14 November 2013
(This article belongs to the Section Metabolites)
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Abstract: Dracocephalum palmatum Stephan (Lamiaceae) is a medicinal plant used by the North-Yakutian nomads. From the crude ethanolic extract of the aerial parts of this plant, 23 compounds (phenylpropanoids, coumarins, flavonoids, and triterpenes) were isolated. Among these, eight compounds (salvianolic acid B, caftaric acid, cichoric acid, umbelliferone, aesculetin, apigenin-7-O-β-d-glucuronopyranoside, isorhoifolin, and luteolin-4'-O-β-d-glucopyranoside) were detected for the first time in the genus Dracocephalum. Their structures were elucidated based on chemical and spectral data. The levels of most of the compounds detected in the cultivated sample were close to that of the wild sample, indicating the reproducibility of the biologically active compounds of D. palmatum through cultivation. Investigation into the biological activity of D. palmatum under in vitro conditions demonstrated that its extracts have a strong antioxidant effect due to the presence of high concentrations of phenolic compounds.
Keywords: Dracocephalum palmatum Stephan; Lamiaceae; North-Yakutian nomads; flavonoids; phenylpropanoids; antioxidant activity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Olennikov, D.N.; Chirikova, N.K.; Okhlopkova, Z.M.; Zulfugarov, I.S. Chemical Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Tánara Ótó (Dracocephalum palmatum Stephan), a Medicinal Plant Used by the North-Yakutian Nomads. Molecules 2013, 18, 14105-14121.

AMA Style

Olennikov DN, Chirikova NK, Okhlopkova ZM, Zulfugarov IS. Chemical Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Tánara Ótó (Dracocephalum palmatum Stephan), a Medicinal Plant Used by the North-Yakutian Nomads. Molecules. 2013; 18(11):14105-14121.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Olennikov, Daniil N.; Chirikova, Nadezhda K.; Okhlopkova, Zhanna M.; Zulfugarov, Ismayl S. 2013. "Chemical Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Tánara Ótó (Dracocephalum palmatum Stephan), a Medicinal Plant Used by the North-Yakutian Nomads." Molecules 18, no. 11: 14105-14121.


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