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Molecules 2013, 18(10), 12571-12586; doi:10.3390/molecules181012571
Review

Flavonoid Profile of Saskatoon Berries (Amelanchier alnifolia Nutt.) and Their Health Promoting Effects

1,* , 1
, 2
, 3,4
, 5
 and 2
1 Institute for Education of Pedagogics, Faculty of Central European Studies, Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra, Drazovska 4, SK-949 74 Nitra, Slovak Republic 2 Department of Viticulture and Enology, Faculty of Horticulturae, Mendel University in Brno, Valtická 337, CZ-691 44 Lednice, Czech Republic 3 Faculty of Military Health Sciences, University of Defence, Trebesska 1575, CZ-500 01 Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic 4 Karel English College in Brno, Sujanovo namesti 356/1, 60200 Brno, Czech Republic 5 Department of Food Analysis and Chemistry, Faculty of Technology, Tomas Bata University in Zlin, Namesti T. G. Masaryka 275, CZ-762 72 Zlin, Czech Republic
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 August 2013 / Revised: 30 September 2013 / Accepted: 9 October 2013 / Published: 11 October 2013
(This article belongs to the Section Metabolites)
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Abstract

Flavonoids are a significant group of secondary metabolites in plants. Many of these compounds are potent antioxidants, being an important part in food products derived from the plants. The current status of research on flavonoid compounds in the fruit of Saskatoon berries (Amelanchier alnifolia Nutt.) and their health promoting effects, including recommended utilization, are reviewed. The major classes of flavonoids in the fruit are flavonols (quercetin and rutin), flavanes (proanthocyanidin compounds ranging from dimers through to heptamers and even higher polymers) and finally anthocyanins. The flavonoids represented the group of polyphenols that mostly contributed to the antioxidant activity of Saskatoon berries. High content of the flavoinoids antioxidants in the fruit is responsible for the observed anti-inflammatory, antidiadiabetic and chemo-protective effects.
Keywords: Amelanchier alnifolia; flavonoids; anthocyanins; proanthocyanidins; flavonols; antioxidant activity; biological activity Amelanchier alnifolia; flavonoids; anthocyanins; proanthocyanidins; flavonols; antioxidant activity; biological activity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Juríková, T.; Balla, S.; Sochor, J.; Pohanka, M.; Mlcek, J.; Baron, M. Flavonoid Profile of Saskatoon Berries (Amelanchier alnifolia Nutt.) and Their Health Promoting Effects. Molecules 2013, 18, 12571-12586.

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