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Gaultheria: Phytochemical and Pharmacological Characteristics
School of Chinese Pharmacy, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100102, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 August 2013; in revised form: 22 September 2013 / Accepted: 24 September 2013 / Published: 30 September 2013
Abstract: The genus Gaultheria, comprised of approximately 134 species, is mostly used in ethnic drugs to cure rheumatism and relieve pain. Phytochemical investigations of the genus Gaultheria have revealed the presence of methyl salicylate derivatives, C6-C3 constituents, organic acids, terpenoids, steroids, and other compounds. Methyl salicylate glycoside is considered as a characteristic ingredient in this genus, whose anti-rheumatic effects may have a new mechanism of action. In this review, comprehensive information on the phytochemistry, volatile components and the pharmacology of the genus Gaultheria is provided to explore its potential and advance research.
Keywords: Gaultheria; chemical components; pharmacological activity; methyl salicylate glycosides; anti-rheumatic effects
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Liu, W.-R.; Qiao, W.-L.; Liu, Z.-Z.; Wang, X.-H.; Jiang, R.; Li, S.-Y.; Shi, R.-B.; She, G.-M. Gaultheria: Phytochemical and Pharmacological Characteristics. Molecules 2013, 18, 12071-12108.
Liu W-R, Qiao W-L, Liu Z-Z, Wang X-H, Jiang R, Li S-Y, Shi R-B, She G-M. Gaultheria: Phytochemical and Pharmacological Characteristics. Molecules. 2013; 18(10):12071-12108.
Liu, Wei-Rui; Qiao, Wen-Lin; Liu, Zi-Zhen; Wang, Xiao-Hong; Jiang, Rui; Li, Shu-Yi; Shi, Ren-Bing; She, Gai-Mei. 2013. "Gaultheria: Phytochemical and Pharmacological Characteristics." Molecules 18, no. 10: 12071-12108.