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Molecules 2013, 18(10), 12071-12108; doi:10.3390/molecules181012071
Review

Gaultheria: Phytochemical and Pharmacological Characteristics

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School of Chinese Pharmacy, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100102, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 August 2013 / Revised: 22 September 2013 / Accepted: 24 September 2013 / Published: 30 September 2013
(This article belongs to the Section Metabolites)
Download PDF [353 KB, 18 June 2014; original version 18 June 2014]

Abstract

The genus Gaultheria, comprised of approximately 134 species, is mostly used in ethnic drugs to cure rheumatism and relieve pain. Phytochemical investigations of the genus Gaultheria have revealed the presence of methyl salicylate derivatives, C6-C3 constituents, organic acids, terpenoids, steroids, and other compounds. Methyl salicylate glycoside is considered as a characteristic ingredient in this genus, whose anti-rheumatic effects may have a new mechanism of action. In this review, comprehensive information on the phytochemistry, volatile components and the pharmacology of the genus Gaultheria is provided to explore its potential and advance research.
Keywords: Gaultheria; chemical components; pharmacological activity; methyl salicylate glycosides; anti-rheumatic effects Gaultheria; chemical components; pharmacological activity; methyl salicylate glycosides; anti-rheumatic effects
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, W.-R.; Qiao, W.-L.; Liu, Z.-Z.; Wang, X.-H.; Jiang, R.; Li, S.-Y.; Shi, R.-B.; She, G.-M. Gaultheria: Phytochemical and Pharmacological Characteristics. Molecules 2013, 18, 12071-12108.

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