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Molecules 2013, 18(1), 1325-1336; doi:10.3390/molecules18011325

Chemical Constituents of Caesalpinia decapetala (Roth) Alston

Research and Development Center for Fine Chemicals, State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Green Pesticide and Agricultural Bioengineering, Key Laboratory of Green Pesticide and Agricultural Bioengineering, Ministry of Education, Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025, China
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Received: 19 December 2012 / Revised: 19 December 2012 / Accepted: 20 December 2012 / Published: 22 January 2013
(This article belongs to the Section Natural Products)
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Abstract

The current study targets the chemical constituents of Caesalpinia decapetala (Roth) Alston and investigates the bioactivities of the isolated compounds. Fourteen known compounds were isolated using column chromatography, and structural identification was performed by physical and spectral analyses. The biological activities of the compounds were also evaluated by 3-(4,5-dimethythiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) and 2,2-diphenlyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assays. Emodin (6), baicalein (9), and apigenin (12) displayed antitumor activities against the MGC-803 cell line, while quercetin (2), rutin (5), baicalein (9), and epicatechin (13) showed stronger DPPH scavenging activities compared with ascorbic acid. Andrographolide (1), quercetin (2), bergenin (4), rutin (5), emodin (6), betulin (7), baicalein (9), polydatin (10), salicin (11), and apigenin (12), were obtained from C. decapetala (Roth) Alston for the first time.
Keywords: Caesalpinia decapetala (Roth) Alston; chemical constituents; structure elucidation; MTT; DPPH Caesalpinia decapetala (Roth) Alston; chemical constituents; structure elucidation; MTT; DPPH
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wei, X.-H.; Yang, S.-J.; Liang, N.; Hu, D.-Y.; Jin, L.-H.; Xue, W.; Yang, S. Chemical Constituents of Caesalpinia decapetala (Roth) Alston. Molecules 2013, 18, 1325-1336.

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