Molecules 2012, 17(3), 3359-3369; doi:10.3390/molecules17033359
Article

Synthesis of Azanucleosides through Regioselective Ring-Opening of Epoxides Catalyzed by Sulphated Zirconia under Microwave and Solvent-Free Conditions

1 Departamento de Ciencias Básicas, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Av. San Pablo No. 180, México D.F., C.P. 02200, Mexico 2 Departamento de Química, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Av. San Rafael Atlixco No. 186, México D.F., C.P. 09340, Mexico 3 Instituto de Química, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Circuito Exterior, Ciudad Universitaria, México D.F. 04510, Mexico
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 February 2012; in revised form: 7 March 2012 / Accepted: 9 March 2012 / Published: 15 March 2012
(This article belongs to the Section Organic Synthesis)
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Abstract: New azanucleosides were obtained using sulphated zirconia (ZS) as catalyst in the nucleophilic oxirane ring opening reaction of 1-allyl-3-(oxiran-2-ylmethyl) pyrimidine-2,4(1H,3H)-dione and 1-allyl-5-methyl-3-(oxiran-2-ylmethyl)-pyrimidine-2,4(1H,3H)-dione, with (S)-prolinol. The new templates were obtained with good yields following a route which exploits the reactivity of epoxides in the presence of sulphated zirconia as catalyst. The key step was carried out using microwave and solvent-free conditions and proceeds with high selectivity.
Keywords: azanucleosides; sulphated zirconia; nucleophilic reaction; regioselective reaction; epoxide’s ring-opening; microwave

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hernández-Reyes, C.X.; Angeles-Beltrán, D.; Lomas-Romero, L.; González-Zamora, E.; Gaviño, R.; Cárdenas, J.; Morales-Serna, J.A.; Negrón-Silva, G.E. Synthesis of Azanucleosides through Regioselective Ring-Opening of Epoxides Catalyzed by Sulphated Zirconia under Microwave and Solvent-Free Conditions. Molecules 2012, 17, 3359-3369.

AMA Style

Hernández-Reyes CX, Angeles-Beltrán D, Lomas-Romero L, González-Zamora E, Gaviño R, Cárdenas J, Morales-Serna JA, Negrón-Silva GE. Synthesis of Azanucleosides through Regioselective Ring-Opening of Epoxides Catalyzed by Sulphated Zirconia under Microwave and Solvent-Free Conditions. Molecules. 2012; 17(3):3359-3369.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hernández-Reyes, Celia Xochitl; Angeles-Beltrán, Deyanira; Lomas-Romero, Leticia; González-Zamora, Eduardo; Gaviño, Rubén; Cárdenas, Jorge; Morales-Serna, José Antonio; Negrón-Silva, Guillermo E. 2012. "Synthesis of Azanucleosides through Regioselective Ring-Opening of Epoxides Catalyzed by Sulphated Zirconia under Microwave and Solvent-Free Conditions." Molecules 17, no. 3: 3359-3369.

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