Molecules 2012, 17(3), 2752-2772; doi:10.3390/molecules17032752
Article

Synthesis, Property Characterization and Photocatalytic Activity of the Novel Composite Polymer Polyaniline/Bi2SnTiO7

State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 February 2012; in revised form: 27 February 2012 / Accepted: 1 March 2012 / Published: 6 March 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue ECSOC-15)
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Abstract: A novel polyaniline/Bi2SnTiO7 composite polymer was synthesized by chemical oxidation in-situ polymerization method and sol-gel method for the first time. The structural properties of novel polyaniline/Bi2SnTiO7 have been characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and X-ray spectrometry. The lattice parameter of Bi2SnTiO7 was found to be a = 10.52582(8) Å. The photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue was realized under visible light irradiation with the novel polyaniline/Bi2SnTiO7 as catalyst. The results showed that novel polyaniline/Bi2SnTiO7 possessed higher catalytic activity compared with Bi2InTaO7 or pure TiO2 or N-doped TiO2 for photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue under visible light irradiation. The photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue with the novel polyaniline/Bi2SnTiO7 or N-doped TiO2 as catalyst followed first-order reaction kinetics, and the first-order rate constant was 0.01504 or 0.00333 min−1. After visible light irradiation for 220 minutes with novel polyaniline/Bi2SnTiO7 as catalyst, complete removal and mineralization of methylene blue was observed. The reduction of the total organic carbon, the formation of inorganic products, SO42− and NO3−, and the evolution of CO2 revealed the continuous mineralization of methylene blue during the photocatalytic process. The possible photocatalytic degradation pathway of methylene blue was obtained under visible light irradiation.
Keywords: polyaniline/Bi2SnTiO7; photocatalytic activity; methylene blue; visible light irradiation; photodegradation pathway

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MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, Y.; Luan, J. Synthesis, Property Characterization and Photocatalytic Activity of the Novel Composite Polymer Polyaniline/Bi2SnTiO7. Molecules 2012, 17, 2752-2772.

AMA Style

Yang Y, Luan J. Synthesis, Property Characterization and Photocatalytic Activity of the Novel Composite Polymer Polyaniline/Bi2SnTiO7. Molecules. 2012; 17(3):2752-2772.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yang, Yunjun; Luan, Jingfei. 2012. "Synthesis, Property Characterization and Photocatalytic Activity of the Novel Composite Polymer Polyaniline/Bi2SnTiO7." Molecules 17, no. 3: 2752-2772.

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