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Molecules 2012, 17(3), 2271-2282; doi:10.3390/molecules17032271
Article

Determination of the Volatile Composition in Brown Millet, Milled Millet and Millet Bran by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry

1,2,3, 4, 1,2,3,*  and 1,2,3
Received: 20 January 2012; in revised form: 15 February 2012 / Accepted: 17 February 2012 / Published: 24 February 2012
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Abstract: The volatile compounds from brown millet (BM), milled millet (MM) and millet bran (MB) were extracted using simultaneous distillation/extraction with a Likens-Nickerson apparatus. The extracts were analysed using gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC-MS). A total of 65 volatile compounds were identified in all of the samples. Among these compounds, 51, 51 and 49 belonged to BM, MM and MB, respectively. Aldehydes and benzene derivatives were the most numerous among all of the compounds. Three compounds (hexanal, hexadecanoic acid and 2-methylnaphthalene) were dominant in the BM and MM materials. Eight compounds (hexanal, nonanal, (E)-2-nonenal, naphthalene, 2-methylnaphthalene, 1-methylnaphthalene, hexadecanoic acid and 2-pentylfuran) were dominant in the MB materials. Apart from the aromatic molecules, which were present in all fractions, compounds present only in BM, MM or MB were also identified.
Keywords: volatiles; brown millet; milled millet; millet bran; GC/MS volatiles; brown millet; milled millet; millet bran; GC/MS
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, J.; Tang, X.; Zhang, Y.; Zhao, W. Determination of the Volatile Composition in Brown Millet, Milled Millet and Millet Bran by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry. Molecules 2012, 17, 2271-2282.

AMA Style

Liu J, Tang X, Zhang Y, Zhao W. Determination of the Volatile Composition in Brown Millet, Milled Millet and Millet Bran by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry. Molecules. 2012; 17(3):2271-2282.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liu, Jingke; Tang, Xia; Zhang, Yuzong; Zhao, Wei. 2012. "Determination of the Volatile Composition in Brown Millet, Milled Millet and Millet Bran by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry." Molecules 17, no. 3: 2271-2282.



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