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Anti-obesity Effect of HT048, a Herbal Combination, in High Fat Diet-Induced Obese Rats
Department of Herbal Pharmacology, College of Korean Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 130-701, Korea
Korea Institute of Science and Technology for Eastern Medicine (KISTEM), NeuMed Inc., Seoul 130-701, Korea
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 November 2012; in revised form: 6 December 2012 / Accepted: 7 December 2012 / Published: 11 December 2012
Abstract: This study evaluated the anti-obesity effects of HT048, a combination of C. pinnatifida fruit and C. unshiu peel extracts, in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese rats. 4-Week-old male Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were divided into normal and high fat diet (HFD) groups. The HFD groups were further divided into five groups treated with distilled water, orlistat (40 mg/kg, twice daily, p.o) and HT048 (30, 100 and 300 mg/kg, twice daily, p.o.) for 12 weeks. Orlistat, an anti-obesity drug, was used as positive control in the HFD-induced obese rats. We measured the food intake, body weight, epididymal adipose tissue and liver weights, and serum total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), alanine transaminase (ALT), and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels. The body weight and epididymal adipose tissue and liver weights of the HT048 100 and 300 mg/kg treated groups were significantly lower than that of the HFD control group. Also, serum TC, TG, ALT, and AST levels in the HT048 100 and 300 mg/kg treated groups were significantly decreased. Moreover, the orlistat treated group showed significantly reduced body weight and improved serum lipoprotein, compared with the HFD control group. These results show that HT048 supplements improved obesity-related body weight and serum lipoprotein parameters in a HFD-induced obese rat model.
Keywords: anti-obesity; herbal combination; HT048; Citrus unshiu peel; Crataegus pinnatifida fruit
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Lim, D.W.; Song, M.; Park, J.; Park, S.W.; Kim, N.H.; Gaire, B.P.; Choi, H.-Y.; Kim, H. Anti-obesity Effect of HT048, a Herbal Combination, in High Fat Diet-Induced Obese Rats. Molecules 2012, 17, 14765-14777.
Lim DW, Song M, Park J, Park SW, Kim NH, Gaire BP, Choi H-Y, Kim H. Anti-obesity Effect of HT048, a Herbal Combination, in High Fat Diet-Induced Obese Rats. Molecules. 2012; 17(12):14765-14777.
Lim, Dong W.; Song, MiKyung; Park, Juyeon; Park, Sang W.; Kim, Nak H.; Gaire, Bhakta P.; Choi, Ho-Young; Kim, Hocheol. 2012. "Anti-obesity Effect of HT048, a Herbal Combination, in High Fat Diet-Induced Obese Rats." Molecules 17, no. 12: 14765-14777.