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Molecules 2012, 17(12), 14323-14335; doi:10.3390/molecules171214323
Article

Ionic Liquid-Based Microwave-Assisted Extraction of Flavonoids from Bauhinia championii (Benth.) Benth.

1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1 and 3,*
1 Pharmacy College of Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Fuzhou 350122, China 2 Integrative Medicine College of Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Fuzhou 350122, China 3 Rehabilitation Medicine College of Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Fuzhou 350122, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 October 2012 / Revised: 20 November 2012 / Accepted: 24 November 2012 / Published: 3 December 2012
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Abstract

An ionic liquids (IL)-based microwave-assisted approach for extraction and determination of flavonoids from Bauhinia championii (Benth.) Benth. was proposed for the first time. Several ILs with different cations and anions and the microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) conditions, including sample particle size, extraction time and liquid-solid ratio, were investigated. Two M 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bromide ([bmim] Br) solution with 0.80 M HCl was selected as the optimal solvent. Meanwhile the optimized conditions a ratio of liquid to material of 30:1, and the extraction for 10 min at 70 °C. Compared with conventional heat-reflux extraction (CHRE) and the regular MAE, IL-MAE exhibited a higher extraction yield and shorter extraction time (from 1.5 h to 10 min). The optimized extraction samples were analysed by LC-MS/MS. IL extracts of Bauhinia championii (Benth.)Benth consisted mainly of flavonoids, among which myricetin, quercetin and kaempferol, β-sitosterol, triacontane and hexacontane were identified. The study indicated that IL-MAE was an efficient and rapid method with simple sample preparation. LC-MS/MS was also used to determine the chemical composition of the ethyl acetate/MAE extract of Bauhinia championii (Benth.) Benth, and it maybe become a rapid method to determine the composition of new plant extracts.
Keywords: ionic liquid; Bauhinia championii (Benth.) Benth.; flavonoids; LC-MS ionic liquid; Bauhinia championii (Benth.) Benth.; flavonoids; LC-MS
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).
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Xu, W.; Chu, K.; Li, H.; Zhang, Y.; Zheng, H.; Chen, R.; Chen, L. Ionic Liquid-Based Microwave-Assisted Extraction of Flavonoids from Bauhinia championii (Benth.) Benth.. Molecules 2012, 17, 14323-14335.

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