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Molecules 2012, 17(11), 13622-13630; doi:10.3390/molecules171113622
Article

Amelioration of Dextran Sodium Sulfate-Induced Colitis in Mice by Rhodobacter sphaeroides Extract

1,2, 3, 4, 1,*  and 3,5,*
Received: 24 October 2012; in revised form: 13 November 2012 / Accepted: 14 November 2012 / Published: 16 November 2012
(This article belongs to the Section Metabolites)
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Abstract: Bacteria can produce some compounds in response to their environment. These compounds are widely used in cosmetic and pharmaceutical applications. Some probiotics have immunomodulatory activities and modulate the symptoms of several diseases. Autoimmune diseases represent a complex group of conditions that are thought to be mediated through the development of autoreactive immunoresponses. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is common autoimmune disease that affects many individuals worldwide. Previously, we found that the extracts of Rhodobacter sphaeroides (Lycogen) inhibited nitric oxide production and inducible nitric-oxide synthase expression in activated macrophages. In this study, the effect of Lycogen™, a potent anti-inflammatory agent, was evaluated in mice with dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis. Oral administration of Lycogen™ reduced the expressions of proinflammatory cytokines (tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1β) in female BABL/c mice. In addition, the increased number of bacterial flora in the colon induced by DSS was amelirated by Lycogen™. The histological score of intestinal inflammation in 5% DSS-treated mice after oral administration of Lycogen™ was lower than that of control mice. Meanwhile, Lycogen™ dramatically prolonged the survival of mice with severe colitis. These findings identified that Lycogen™ is an anti-inflammatory agent with the capacity to ameliorate DSS-induced colitis.
Keywords: Rhodobacter sphaeroides; Lycogen™; dextran sodium sulfate; colitis; inflammatory Rhodobacter sphaeroides; Lycogen™; dextran sodium sulfate; colitis; inflammatory
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, W.-S.; Chen, M.-C.; Chiu, K.-H.; Wen, Z.-H.; Lee, C.-H. Amelioration of Dextran Sodium Sulfate-Induced Colitis in Mice by Rhodobacter sphaeroides Extract. Molecules 2012, 17, 13622-13630.

AMA Style

Liu W-S, Chen M-C, Chiu K-H, Wen Z-H, Lee C-H. Amelioration of Dextran Sodium Sulfate-Induced Colitis in Mice by Rhodobacter sphaeroides Extract. Molecules. 2012; 17(11):13622-13630.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liu, Wen-Sheng; Chen, Man-Chin; Chiu, Kuo-Hsun; Wen, Zhi-Hong; Lee, Che-Hsin. 2012. "Amelioration of Dextran Sodium Sulfate-Induced Colitis in Mice by Rhodobacter sphaeroides Extract." Molecules 17, no. 11: 13622-13630.


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