Molecules 2012, 17(1), 408-419; doi:10.3390/molecules17010408
Article

Extraction Equilibrium of Indium(III) from Nitric Acid Solutions by Di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphoric Acid Dissolved in Kerosene

Received: 30 November 2011; in revised form: 26 December 2011 / Accepted: 30 December 2011 / Published: 4 January 2012
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The extraction equilibrium of indium(III) from a nitric acid solution using di(2-ethylhexyl) phosphoric acid (D2EHPA) as an acidic extractant of organophosphorus compounds dissolved in kerosene was studied. By graphical and numerical analysis, the compositions of indium-D2EHPA complexes in organic phase and stoichiometry of the extraction reaction were examined. Nitric acid solutions with various indium concentrations at 25 °C were used to obtain the equilibrium constant of InR3 in the organic phase. The experimental results showed that the extraction distribution ratios of indium(III) between the organic phase and the aqueous solution increased when either the pH value of the aqueous solution and/or the concentration of the organic phase extractant increased. Finally, the recovery efficiency of indium(III) in nitric acid was measured.
Keywords: extraction; equilibrium; indium; di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphoric acid; D2EHPA
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tsai, H.-S.; Tsai, T.-H. Extraction Equilibrium of Indium(III) from Nitric Acid Solutions by Di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphoric Acid Dissolved in Kerosene. Molecules 2012, 17, 408-419.

AMA Style

Tsai H-S, Tsai T-H. Extraction Equilibrium of Indium(III) from Nitric Acid Solutions by Di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphoric Acid Dissolved in Kerosene. Molecules. 2012; 17(1):408-419.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tsai, Hung-Sheng; Tsai, Teh-Hua. 2012. "Extraction Equilibrium of Indium(III) from Nitric Acid Solutions by Di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphoric Acid Dissolved in Kerosene." Molecules 17, no. 1: 408-419.

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