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Molecules 2011, 16(9), 7199-7209; doi:10.3390/molecules16097199
Article

Chirality and Numbering of Substituted Tropane Alkaloids

1
, 1
, 2
, 3
 and 1,*
Received: 12 July 2011; in revised form: 16 August 2011 / Accepted: 17 August 2011 / Published: 25 August 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alkaloids: Novel Therapeutic Perspectives)
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Abstract: The strict application of IUPAC rules for the numbering of tropane alkaloids is not always applied by authors and there is hence a lot of confusion in the literature. In most cases, the notation of 3, 6/7-disubstituted derivatives has been chosen arbitrarily, based on NMR and MS data, without taking into account the absolute configuration of these two carbons. This paper discusses the problem and the relevance of CD and NMR to determine molecular configurations. We report on the use of 1H-NMR anisochrony (Δd) induced by the Mosher’s chiral auxiliary reagents (R)-(-)- and (S)-(+)-α-methoxy-α-trifluoromethyl-phenylacetyl chlorides (MTPA-Cl), to determine the absolute configuration of (3R,6R)-3α-hydroxy-6b-senecioyloxytropane, a disubstituted tropane alkaloid isolated from the aerial parts of Schizanthus grahamii (Solanaceae). These analytical tools should help future works in correctly assigning the configuration of additional 3, 6/7 disubstituted tropane derivatives.
Keywords: tropane alkaloids; Schizanthus; molecular configuration; Mosher’s esters; (3R,6R)-3α-hydroxy-6b-senecioyloxytropane tropane alkaloids; Schizanthus; molecular configuration; Mosher’s esters; (3R,6R)-3α-hydroxy-6b-senecioyloxytropane
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Humam, M.; Shoul, T.; Jeannerat, D.; Muñoz, O.; Christen, P. Chirality and Numbering of Substituted Tropane Alkaloids. Molecules 2011, 16, 7199-7209.

AMA Style

Humam M, Shoul T, Jeannerat D, Muñoz O, Christen P. Chirality and Numbering of Substituted Tropane Alkaloids. Molecules. 2011; 16(9):7199-7209.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Humam, Munir; Shoul, Tarik; Jeannerat, Damien; Muñoz, Orlando; Christen, Philippe. 2011. "Chirality and Numbering of Substituted Tropane Alkaloids." Molecules 16, no. 9: 7199-7209.



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