Molecules 2011, 16(7), 5807-5821; doi:10.3390/molecules16075807
Article

Synthesis and Spectroscopic Characterization of Two Tetrasubstituted Cationic Porphyrin Derivatives

1,* email, 1, 1, 2email, 3email, 4,5email, 5email and 6email
Received: 17 April 2011; in revised form: 6 July 2011 / Accepted: 7 July 2011 / Published: 8 July 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Organometallic Chemistry)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: An imidazolium tetrasubstituted cationic porphyrin derivative (the free base and its Zn(II) complex) with five-membered heterocyclic groups in the meso-positions were synthesized using microwave irradiation, and the compounds obtained characterized by 1H-NMR and mass spectrometry. We observed that under microwave irradiation the yield is similar to when the synthesis is performed under conventional heating, however, the time required to prepare the porphyrins decreases enormously. In order to investigate the electronic state of these compounds, we employed UV-Vis and fluorescence spectroscopy combined with quantum chemical calculations. The results reveal the presence, in both compounds, of a large number of electronic states involving the association between the Soret and a blue-shifted band. The Soret band in both compounds also shows a considerable solvent dependence. As for emission, these compounds present low quantum yield at room temperature and no solvent influence on the fluorescence spectra was observed.
Keywords: cationic porphyrin derivatives; MAOS; UV-Vis spectroscopy; fluorescence spectroscopy; DFT and TD-DFT; electronic states; solvent effects
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MDPI and ACS Style

Machado, A.E.; Gomes, W.R.; Araújo, D.M.; Miglio, H.S.; Ueno, L.T.; Paula, R.D.; Cavaleiro, J.A.; Neto, N.M.B. Synthesis and Spectroscopic Characterization of Two Tetrasubstituted Cationic Porphyrin Derivatives. Molecules 2011, 16, 5807-5821.

AMA Style

Machado AE, Gomes WR, Araújo DM, Miglio HS, Ueno LT, Paula RD, Cavaleiro JA, Neto NMB. Synthesis and Spectroscopic Characterization of Two Tetrasubstituted Cationic Porphyrin Derivatives. Molecules. 2011; 16(7):5807-5821.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Machado, Antonio E.H.; Gomes, Weverson R.; Araújo, Diesley M.S.; Miglio, Hércules S.; Ueno, Leonardo T.; Paula, Rodrigo De; Cavaleiro, José A.S.; Neto, Newton M. Barbosa. 2011. "Synthesis and Spectroscopic Characterization of Two Tetrasubstituted Cationic Porphyrin Derivatives." Molecules 16, no. 7: 5807-5821.

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