Molecules 2011, 16(3), 2323-2333; doi:10.3390/molecules16032323
Article

An Allelochemical from Myrica gale with Strong Phytotoxic Activity against Highly Invasive Fallopia x bohemica Taxa

1 Universite de Lyon, F-69622 Lyon, France, and Universite Lyon 1, Villeurbanne, CNRS, UMR5557, Ecologie Microbienne, 43 Boulevard du 11 Novembre 1918, F-69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France 2 Laboratoire de Chimie des Biomolécules et de l'Environnement, Université de Perpignan, F-66860, Perpignan, France 3 Laboratoire d'Ecologie des Hydrosystèmes Fluviaux, Unité Mixte de Recherche 5023, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université Lyon 1, 43 Boulevard du 11 Novembre 1918, 69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France Current address: School of Biological Science, University of Queensland, St. Lucia 4072, QLD, Australia.
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 January 2011; in revised form: 2 March 2011 / Accepted: 9 March 2011 / Published: 10 March 2011
(This article belongs to the Section Natural Products)
PDF Full-text Download PDF Full-Text [277 KB, uploaded 10 March 2011 13:02 CET]
Abstract: We report the identification of the allelochemical 3-(1-oxo-3-phenylpropyl)-1,1,5-trimethylcyclo-hexane-2,4,6-trione, known as myrigalone A, from the fruits and leaves of Myrica gale. The structure of the compound was confirmed by high-resolution techniques (UV, MS and NMR analysis). The compound is phytotoxic towards classical plant species used for allelochemical assays and also against Fallopia x bohemica, a highly invasive plant. Application of either powdered dry leaves or dry fruits of M. gale also showed in vitro phytotoxic activity. We hypothesize that M. gale could be used as a green allelopathic shield to control Fallopia x bohemica invasion, in addition to its potential use as an environmentally friendly herbicide.
Keywords: biological control; Myrica gale; Fallopia; allelopathy; dihydrochalcone; invasive plant

Article Statistics

Load and display the download statistics.

Citations to this Article

Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Popovici, J.; Bertrand, C.; Jacquemoud, D.; Bellvert, F.; Fernandez, M.P.; Comte, G.; Piola, F. An Allelochemical from Myrica gale with Strong Phytotoxic Activity against Highly Invasive Fallopia x bohemica Taxa. Molecules 2011, 16, 2323-2333.

AMA Style

Popovici J, Bertrand C, Jacquemoud D, Bellvert F, Fernandez MP, Comte G, Piola F. An Allelochemical from Myrica gale with Strong Phytotoxic Activity against Highly Invasive Fallopia x bohemica Taxa. Molecules. 2011; 16(3):2323-2333.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Popovici, Jean; Bertrand, Cedric; Jacquemoud, Dominique; Bellvert, Floriant; Fernandez, Maria P.; Comte, Gilles; Piola, Florence. 2011. "An Allelochemical from Myrica gale with Strong Phytotoxic Activity against Highly Invasive Fallopia x bohemica Taxa." Molecules 16, no. 3: 2323-2333.

Molecules EISSN 1420-3049 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert