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Molecules 2011, 16(2), 1070-1102; doi:10.3390/molecules16021070
Review

Compilation of Secondary Metabolites from Bidens pilosa L.

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Received: 11 November 2010 / Revised: 13 January 2011 / Accepted: 24 January 2011 / Published: 26 January 2011
(This article belongs to the Section Metabolites)
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Abstract

Bidens pilosa L. is a cosmopolitan annual herb, known for its traditional use in treating various diseases and thus much studied for the biological activity of its extracts, fractions and isolated compounds. Polyacetylenes and flavonoids, typical metabolite classes in the Bidens genus, predominate in the phytochemistry of B. pilosa. These classes of compounds have great taxonomic significance. In the Asteraceae family, the acetylene moiety is widely distributed in the Heliantheae tribe and some representatives, such as 1-phenylhepta-1,3,5-triyne, are noted for their biological activity and strong long-wave UV radiation absorbance. The flavonoids, specifically aurones and chalcones, have been reported as good sub-tribal level markers. Natural products from several other classes have also been isolated from different parts of B. pilosa. This review summarizes the available information on the 198 natural products isolated to date from B. pilosa.
Keywords: Bidens pilosa; Asteraceae; natural products; flavonoids; polyacetylenes Bidens pilosa; Asteraceae; natural products; flavonoids; polyacetylenes
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Lima Silva, F.; Fischer, D.C.H.; Fechine Tavares, J.; Sobral Silva, M.; Filgueiras de Athayde-Filho, P.; Barbosa-Filho, J.M. Compilation of Secondary Metabolites from Bidens pilosa L.. Molecules 2011, 16, 1070-1102.

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