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Inhibitors of Microglial Neurotoxicity: Focus on Natural Products
Department of Biotechnology, Konkuk University, Chungju 380-701, Korea
Department of Pharmacology, Brain Science and Engineering Institute, CMRI, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu 700-422, Korea
* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 December 2010; in revised form: 2 January 2011 / Accepted: 17 January 2011 / Published: 25 January 2011
Abstract: Microglial cells play a dual role in the central nervous system as they have both neurotoxic and neuroprotective effects. Uncontrolled and excessive activation of microglia often contributes to inflammation-mediated neurodegeneration. Recently, much attention has been paid to therapeutic strategies aimed at inhibiting neurotoxic microglial activation. Pharmacological inhibitors of microglial activation are emerging as a result of such endeavors. In this review, natural products-based inhibitors of microglial activation will be reviewed. Potential neuroprotective activity of these compounds will also be discussed. Future works should focus on the discovery of novel drug targets that specifically mediate microglial neurotoxicity rather than neuroprotection. Development of new drugs based on these targets may require a better understanding of microglial biology and neuroinflammation at the molecular, cellular, and systems levels.
Keywords: microglia; neuroinflammation; neurodegeneration; natural products; neuroprotection
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Choi, D.K.; Koppula, S.; Suk, K. Inhibitors of Microglial Neurotoxicity: Focus on Natural Products. Molecules 2011, 16, 1021-1043.
Choi DK, Koppula S, Suk K. Inhibitors of Microglial Neurotoxicity: Focus on Natural Products. Molecules. 2011; 16(2):1021-1043.
Choi, Dong Kug; Koppula, Sushruta; Suk, Kyoungho. 2011. "Inhibitors of Microglial Neurotoxicity: Focus on Natural Products." Molecules 16, no. 2: 1021-1043.