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Molecules 2011, 16(2), 1021-1043; doi:10.3390/molecules16021021
Review

Inhibitors of Microglial Neurotoxicity: Focus on Natural Products

1,* , 1 and 2,*
Received: 7 December 2010 / Revised: 2 January 2011 / Accepted: 17 January 2011 / Published: 25 January 2011
(This article belongs to the Section Metabolites)
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Abstract

Microglial cells play a dual role in the central nervous system as they have both neurotoxic and neuroprotective effects. Uncontrolled and excessive activation of microglia often contributes to inflammation-mediated neurodegeneration. Recently, much attention has been paid to therapeutic strategies aimed at inhibiting neurotoxic microglial activation. Pharmacological inhibitors of microglial activation are emerging as a result of such endeavors. In this review, natural products-based inhibitors of microglial activation will be reviewed. Potential neuroprotective activity of these compounds will also be discussed. Future works should focus on the discovery of novel drug targets that specifically mediate microglial neurotoxicity rather than neuroprotection. Development of new drugs based on these targets may require a better understanding of microglial biology and neuroinflammation at the molecular, cellular, and systems levels.
Keywords: microglia; neuroinflammation; neurodegeneration; natural products; neuroprotection microglia; neuroinflammation; neurodegeneration; natural products; neuroprotection
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Choi, D.K.; Koppula, S.; Suk, K. Inhibitors of Microglial Neurotoxicity: Focus on Natural Products. Molecules 2011, 16, 1021-1043.

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