Molecules 2011, 16(12), 10631-10644; doi:10.3390/molecules161210631
Article

Enhancement of Diosgenin Production in Dioscorea zingiberensis Cell Cultures by Oligosaccharides from Its Endophytic Fungus Fusarium oxysporum Dzf17

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Received: 16 November 2011; in revised form: 2 December 2011 / Accepted: 9 December 2011 / Published: 19 December 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Natural Polysaccharides: Chemistry, Bioactivity and Analysis)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The effects of the oligosaccharides from the endophytic fungus Fusarium oxysporum Dzf17 as elicitors on diosgenin production in cell suspension cultures of its host Dioscorea zingiberensis were investigated. Three oligosaccharides, DP4, DP7 and DP10, were purified from the oligosaccharide fractions DP2-5, DP5-8 and DP8-12, respectively, which were prepared from the water-extracted mycelial polysaccharide of the endophytic fungus F. oxysporum Dzf17. When the cell cultures were treated with fraction DP5-8 at 20 mg/L on day 26 and harvested on day 32, the maximum diosgenin yield (2.187 mg/L) was achieved, which was 5.65-fold of control (0.387 mg/L). When oligosaccharides DP4, DP7 and DP10 were individually added to 26-day-old D. zingiberensis cell cultures at concentrations of 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 mg/L in medium, DP7 at 6 mg/L was found to significantly enhance diosgenin production, with a yield of 3.202 mg/L, which was 8.27-fold of control. When the cell cultures were treated with DP7 twice on days 24 and 26, and harvested on day 30, both diosgenin content and yield were significantly increased and reached the maximums of 1.159 mg/g dw and 4.843 mg/L, both of which were higher than those of single elicitation, and were 9.19- and 12.38-fold of control, respectively.
Keywords: Dioscorea zingiberensis; Fusarium oxysporium Dzf17; diosgenin; oligosaccharides; polysaccharides; cell culture; elicitation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, P.; Mao, Z.; Lou, J.; Li, Y.; Mou, Y.; Lu, S.; Peng, Y.; Zhou, L. Enhancement of Diosgenin Production in Dioscorea zingiberensis Cell Cultures by Oligosaccharides from Its Endophytic Fungus Fusarium oxysporum Dzf17. Molecules 2011, 16, 10631-10644.

AMA Style

Li P, Mao Z, Lou J, Li Y, Mou Y, Lu S, Peng Y, Zhou L. Enhancement of Diosgenin Production in Dioscorea zingiberensis Cell Cultures by Oligosaccharides from Its Endophytic Fungus Fusarium oxysporum Dzf17. Molecules. 2011; 16(12):10631-10644.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Li, Peiqin; Mao, Ziling; Lou, Jingfeng; Li, Yan; Mou, Yan; Lu, Shiqiong; Peng, Youliang; Zhou, Ligang. 2011. "Enhancement of Diosgenin Production in Dioscorea zingiberensis Cell Cultures by Oligosaccharides from Its Endophytic Fungus Fusarium oxysporum Dzf17." Molecules 16, no. 12: 10631-10644.


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