Molecules 2011, 16(11), 9003-9016; doi:10.3390/molecules16119003
Article

Effects of Polysaccharide Elicitors from Endophytic Fusarium oxysporium Dzf17 on Growth and Diosgenin Production in Cell Suspension Culture of Dioscorea zingiberensis

Received: 22 August 2011; in revised form: 19 September 2011 / Accepted: 21 October 2011 / Published: 26 October 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Natural Polysaccharides: Chemistry, Bioactivity and Analysis)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Three polysaccharides, namely exopolysaccharide (EPS), water-extracted mycelial polysaccharide (WPS) and sodium hydroxide-extracted mycelial polysaccharide (SPS), were prepared from the endophytic fungus Fusarium oxysporium Dzf17 isolated from the rhizomes of Dioscorea zingiberensis. The effects of the time of addition and polysaccharide concentration on the growth and diosgenin accumulation in cell suspension culture of D. zingiberensis were studied. Among them, WPS was found to be the most effective polysaccharide. When WPS was added to the medium at 20 mg/L on the 25th day of culture, the cell dry weight was increased 1.34-fold, diosgenin content 2.85-fold, and diosgenin yield 3.83-fold in comparison to those of control. EPS and SPS showed moderate and relatively weak enhancement effects on cell growth and diosgenin accumulation, respectively. The dynamics of cell growth and diosgenin accumulation when WPS was added to the medium at 20 mg/L on the 25th day of culture were investigated, and results showed that dry weight of cells reached a maximum value on day 30 but the maximum diosgenin content was achieved on day 31.
Keywords: polysaccharides; endophytic fungus Fusarium oxysporium Dzf17; Dioscorea zingiberensis; diosgenin; cell culture
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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, P.; Mou, Y.; Shan, T.; Xu, J.; Li, Y.; Lu, S.; Zhou, L. Effects of Polysaccharide Elicitors from Endophytic Fusarium oxysporium Dzf17 on Growth and Diosgenin Production in Cell Suspension Culture of Dioscorea zingiberensis. Molecules 2011, 16, 9003-9016.

AMA Style

Li P, Mou Y, Shan T, Xu J, Li Y, Lu S, Zhou L. Effects of Polysaccharide Elicitors from Endophytic Fusarium oxysporium Dzf17 on Growth and Diosgenin Production in Cell Suspension Culture of Dioscorea zingiberensis. Molecules. 2011; 16(11):9003-9016.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Li, Peiqin; Mou, Yan; Shan, Tijiang; Xu, Jianmei; Li, Yan; Lu, Shiqiong; Zhou, Ligang. 2011. "Effects of Polysaccharide Elicitors from Endophytic Fusarium oxysporium Dzf17 on Growth and Diosgenin Production in Cell Suspension Culture of Dioscorea zingiberensis." Molecules 16, no. 11: 9003-9016.

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