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Molecules 2011, 16(12), 10214-10226; doi:10.3390/molecules161210214

Antioxidant, Anti-Glycation and Anti-Inflammatory Activities of Phenolic Constituents from Cordia sinensis

1, 1,* , 2, 3 and 2
1 Department of Pharmacognosy, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, Riyadh, P.O. Box 2457, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia 2 International Centre for Chemical Sciences, H.E.J. Research Institute of Chemistry, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270, Pakistan 3 Department of Chemistry, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270, Pakistan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 November 2011 / Accepted: 7 December 2011 / Published: 8 December 2011
(This article belongs to the Section Natural Products)
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Nine compounds have been isolated from the ethyl acetate soluble fraction of C. sinensis, namely protocatechuic acid (1), trans-caffeic acid (2), methyl rosmarinate (3), rosmarinic acid (4), kaempferide-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (5), kaempferol-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (6), quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (7), kaempferide-3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl (1→6)-β-D-glucopyranoside (8) and kaempferol-3-O-α-L-rhamno-pyranosyl (1→6)-β-D-glucopyranoside (9), all reported for the first time from this species. The structures of these compounds were deduced on the basis of spectroscopic studies, including 1D and 2D NMR techniques. Compounds 1–9 were investigated for biological activity and showed significant anti-inflammatory activity in the carrageen induced rat paw edema test. The antioxidant activities of isolated compounds 1–9 were evaluated by the DPPH radical scavenging test, and compounds 1, 2, 4 and 7–9 exhibited marked scavenging activity compared to the standard BHA. These compounds were further studied for their anti-glycation properties and some compounds showed significant anti-glycation inhibitory activity. The purity of compounds 2–5, 8 and 9 was confirmed by HPLC. The implications of these results for the chemotaxonomic studies of the genus Cordia have also been discussed.
Keywords: Cordia sinensis; antioxidant; anti-inflammatory; anti-glycation Cordia sinensis; antioxidant; anti-inflammatory; anti-glycation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Al-Musayeib, N.; Perveen, S.; Fatima, I.; Nasir, M.; Hussain, A. Antioxidant, Anti-Glycation and Anti-Inflammatory Activities of Phenolic Constituents from Cordia sinensis. Molecules 2011, 16, 10214-10226.

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