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Hydrogen Generation Using a CuO/ZnO-ZrO2 Nanocatalyst for Autothermal Reforming of Methanol in a Microchannel Reactor
Fuel Cell Center, Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Yuan Ze University, Chung-Li 320, Taiwan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 December 2010; in revised form: 6 January 2011 / Accepted: 7 January 2011 / Published: 7 January 2011
Abstract: In the present work, a microchannel reactor for autothermal reforming of methanol using a synthesized catalyst porous alumina support-CuO/ZnO mixed with ZrO2 sol washcoat has been developed and its fine structure and inner surface characterized. Experimentally, CuO/ZnO and alumina support with ZrO2 sol washcoat catalyst (catalyst slurries) nanoparticles is the catalytically active component of the microreactor. Catalyst slurries have been dried at 298 K for 5 h and then calcined at 623 K for 2 h to increase the surface area and specific pore structures of the washcoat catalyst. The surface area of BET N2 adsorption isotherms for the as-synthesized catalyst and catalyst/ZrO2 sol washcoat samples are 62 and 108 ± 2 m2g−1, respectively. The intensities of Cu content from XRD and XPS data indicate that Al2O3 with Cu species to form CuAl2O4. The EXAFS data reveals that the Cu species in washcoat samples have Cu-O bonding with a bond distance of 1.88 ± 0.02 Å and the coordination number is 3.46 ± 0.05, respectively. Moreover, a hydrogen production rate of 2.16 L h−1 is obtained and the corresponding methanol conversion is 98% at 543 K using the CuO/ZnO with ZrO2 sol washcoat catalyst.
Keywords: washcoat; microchannel; hydrogen generation; zirconia sol; autothermal reforming; fuel cell
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Lin, K.-S.; Pan, C.-Y.; Chowdhury, S.; Tu, M.-T.; Hong, W.-T.; Yeh, C.-T. Hydrogen Generation Using a CuO/ZnO-ZrO2 Nanocatalyst for Autothermal Reforming of Methanol in a Microchannel Reactor. Molecules 2011, 16, 348-366.
Lin K-S, Pan C-Y, Chowdhury S, Tu M-T, Hong W-T, Yeh C-T. Hydrogen Generation Using a CuO/ZnO-ZrO2 Nanocatalyst for Autothermal Reforming of Methanol in a Microchannel Reactor. Molecules. 2011; 16(1):348-366.
Lin, Kuen-Song; Pan, Cheng-Yu; Chowdhury, Sujan; Tu, Mu-Ting; Hong, Wan-Ting; Yeh, Chuin-Tih. 2011. "Hydrogen Generation Using a CuO/ZnO-ZrO2 Nanocatalyst for Autothermal Reforming of Methanol in a Microchannel Reactor." Molecules 16, no. 1: 348-366.