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Molecules 2010, 15(4), 2911-2924; doi:10.3390/molecules15042911

Organic Extractives from Mentha spp. Honey and the Bee-Stomach: Methyl Syringate, Vomifoliol, Terpenediol I, Hotrienol and Other Compounds

1
Faculty of Chemistry and Technology, University of Split, N. Tesle 10/V, 21000 Split, Croatia
2
Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zagreb, Svetošimunska 25, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
3
Marko Marulić Polytechnic in Knin, P. Krešimira IV 30, 22300 Knin, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 March 2010 / Revised: 13 April 2010 / Accepted: 20 April 2010 / Published: 22 April 2010
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Abstract

The GC and GC/MS analyses of the solvent organic extractive from the stomach of the bees, having collected Mentha spp. nectar, revealed the presence of methyl syringate (6.6%), terpendiol I (5.0%) and vomifoliol (3.0%) that can be attributed to the plant origin. Other major compounds from the bee-stomach were related to the composition of cuticular waxes and less to pheromones. Organic extractivesfrom Mentha spp. honey were obtained by solvent-free headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) and ultrasonic solvent extraction (USE) and analyzed by GC and GC/MS. The major honey headspace compounds were hotrienol (31.1%–38.5%), 2-methoxy-4-methylphenol (0.5–6.0%), cis- and trans-linalool oxides (0.9–2.8%), linalool (1.0–3.1%) and neroloxide (0.9–1.9%). Methyl syringate was the most abundant compound (38.3-56.2%) in the honey solvent extractives followed by vomifoliol (7.0–26.6%). Comparison of the honey organic extractives with the corresponding bee-stomach extractive indicated that methyl syringate and vomofoliol were transferred to the honey while terpendiol I was partially transformed to hotrienol in ripened honey.
Keywords: Mentha spp. honey; bee-stomach; headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME); ultrasonic solvent extraction (USE); gas chromatography and mass spectrometry (GC and GC/MS) Mentha spp. honey; bee-stomach; headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME); ultrasonic solvent extraction (USE); gas chromatography and mass spectrometry (GC and GC/MS)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Jerković, I.; Hegić, G.; Marijanović, Z.; Bubalo, D. Organic Extractives from Mentha spp. Honey and the Bee-Stomach: Methyl Syringate, Vomifoliol, Terpenediol I, Hotrienol and Other Compounds. Molecules 2010, 15, 2911-2924.

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