Molecules 2010, 15(4), 2526-2550; doi:10.3390/molecules15042526
Article

Synthesis, Antimicrobial, and Anti-inflammatory Activities of Novel 5-(1-Adamantyl)-4-arylideneamino-3-mercapto-1,2,4-triazoles and Related Derivatives

1, 1, 1, 2, 3 and 1,* email
Received: 8 March 2010; in revised form: 29 March 2010 / Accepted: 2 April 2010 / Published: 9 April 2010
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The reaction of 5-(1-adamantyl)-4-amino-3-mercapto-1,2,4-triazole (5) with various aromatic aldehydes in ethanol or acetic acid yielded the corresponding 4-arylideneamino derivatives 6a–v. Treatment of the 4-(2,6-difluoro- and dichlorobenzylideneamino) derivatives 6o and 6q with 1-substituted piperazines, and formaldehyde solution in ethanol afforded good yields of the corresponding 5-(1-adamantyl)-4-(2,6-dihalobenzylideneamino-2-(4-substituted-1-piperazinylmethyl)-1,2,4-triazoline-3-thiones 7a–p. 5-(1-Adamantyl)-4-arylideneamino-2-(4-ethoxycarbonyl-1-piperidylmethyl)-1,2,4-triazoline-3-thiones 8a–n, were similarly prepared via the reaction of the corresponding arylideneamino derivative with ethyl 4-piperidinecarboxylate and formaldehyde solution in ethanol. Compounds 6a–v, 7a–p and 8a–n were tested for in vitro activities against a panel of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and the yeast-like pathogenic fungus Candida albicans. Several derivatives showed good or moderate activities, particularly against the tested Gram-positive bacteria. In addition, the in vivo anti-inflammatory activity of 21 compounds was determined using the carrageenan-induced paw oedema method in rats. Compounds 7d, 7g, 7i, 7j, 7l, 8c, 8e and 8l showed good or moderate dose-dependent activity in this area.
Keywords: 1-adamantyl derivatives; 1,2,4-triazoles; antimicrobial activity; anti-inflammatory activity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Al-Omar, M.A.; Al-Abdullah, E.S.; Shehata, I.A.; Habib, E.E.; Ibrahim, T.M.; El-Emam, A.A. Synthesis, Antimicrobial, and Anti-inflammatory Activities of Novel 5-(1-Adamantyl)-4-arylideneamino-3-mercapto-1,2,4-triazoles and Related Derivatives. Molecules 2010, 15, 2526-2550.

AMA Style

Al-Omar MA, Al-Abdullah ES, Shehata IA, Habib EE, Ibrahim TM, El-Emam AA. Synthesis, Antimicrobial, and Anti-inflammatory Activities of Novel 5-(1-Adamantyl)-4-arylideneamino-3-mercapto-1,2,4-triazoles and Related Derivatives. Molecules. 2010; 15(4):2526-2550.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Al-Omar, Mohamed A.; Al-Abdullah, Ebtehal S.; Shehata, Ihsan A.; Habib, Elsayed E.; Ibrahim, Tarek M.; El-Emam, Ali A. 2010. "Synthesis, Antimicrobial, and Anti-inflammatory Activities of Novel 5-(1-Adamantyl)-4-arylideneamino-3-mercapto-1,2,4-triazoles and Related Derivatives." Molecules 15, no. 4: 2526-2550.

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