Molecules 2010, 15(4), 2326-2338; doi:10.3390/molecules15042326
Article

Chemical Composition and Biological Properties of Rhododendron anthopogon Essential Oil

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Received: 2 February 2010; in revised form: 16 March 2010 / Accepted: 29 March 2010 / Published: 31 March 2010
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The essential oil of Rhododendron anthopogon was investigated by GC-MS, and seventeen compounds (representing approximately 98% of the oil) were identified. The major components of the aerial parts of the oil were the monoterpenes α-pinene, β-pinene, limonene and the sesquiterpene δ-cadinene. Biological studies revealed a weak topical anti-inflammatory activity; a significant killing effect against some Gram-positive reference strains: Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcusfecalis, Bacillus subtilis was measured; Mycobacterium tuberculosis reference strain and a clinical isolate of Candida, C. pseudotropicalis were killed by as low as 0.04% (v/v) essential oil. Moreover, the oil was able to reduce cancer cell growth independently of the cell line and the treatment protocols used.
Keywords: Rhododendron anthopogon;GC-MS; essential oil; antimicrobial activity; topical anti-inflammatory activity; antiproliferative activity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Innocenti, G.; Dall’Acqua, S.; Scialino, G.; Banfi, E.; Sosa, S.; Gurung, K.; Barbera, M.; Carrara, M. Chemical Composition and Biological Properties of Rhododendron anthopogon Essential Oil. Molecules 2010, 15, 2326-2338.

AMA Style

Innocenti G, Dall’Acqua S, Scialino G, Banfi E, Sosa S, Gurung K, Barbera M, Carrara M. Chemical Composition and Biological Properties of Rhododendron anthopogon Essential Oil. Molecules. 2010; 15(4):2326-2338.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Innocenti, Gabbriella; Dall’Acqua, Stefano; Scialino, Giuditta; Banfi, Elena; Sosa, Silvio; Gurung, Khilendra; Barbera, Mariagnese; Carrara, Maria. 2010. "Chemical Composition and Biological Properties of Rhododendron anthopogon Essential Oil." Molecules 15, no. 4: 2326-2338.

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