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Molecules 2010, 15(4), 2103-2113; doi:10.3390/molecules15042103
Review

An Update on Vitamin E, Tocopherol and Tocotrienol—Perspectives

Department of Drug Science and Technology, University of Torino, via Pietro Giuria 9, 10125 Torino, Italy
Received: 6 February 2010 / Revised: 15 March 2010 / Accepted: 23 March 2010 / Published: 24 March 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vitamins)
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Abstract

Vitamin E, like tocotrienols and tocopherols, is constituted of compounds essential for animal cells. Vitamin E is exclusively synthesized by photosynthetic eukaryotes and other oxygenic photosynthetic organisms such as cyanobacteria. In order to prevent lipid oxidation, the plants mainly accumulate tocochromanols in oily seeds and fruits or in young tissues undergoing active cell divisions. From a health point of view, at the moment there is a great interest in the natural forms of tocochromanols, because they are considered promising compounds able to maintain a healthy cardiovascular system and satisfactory blood cholesterol levels. Some evidence suggests that the potency of the antioxidant effects may differ between natural or synthetic source of tocochromanols (vitamin E).
Keywords: vitamin E; tocopherols; tocotrienols; tocochromanols; plant biology; human health vitamin E; tocopherols; tocotrienols; tocochromanols; plant biology; human health
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Colombo, M.L. An Update on Vitamin E, Tocopherol and Tocotrienol—Perspectives. Molecules 2010, 15, 2103-2113.

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