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Molecules 2010, 15(12), 9205-9213; doi:10.3390/molecules15129205
Article

Alkaloids from Stems of Esenbeckia leiocarpa Engl. (Rutaceae) as Potential Treatment for Alzheimer Disease

1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 4, 2 and 1,*
Received: 15 November 2010; in revised form: 2 December 2010 / Accepted: 6 December 2010 / Published: 13 December 2010
(This article belongs to the Section Metabolites)
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Abstract: Esenbeckia leiocarpa Engl. (Rutaceae), popularly known as guarantã, goiabeira, is a native tree from Brazil. Bioactivity-guided fractionation of the ethanol stems extract afforded the isolation of six alkaloids: leiokinine A, leptomerine, kokusaginine, skimmianine, maculine and flindersiamine. All isolated compounds were tested for acetyl cholinesterase inhibition, in vitro and displayed anticholinesterasic activity. The alkaloid leptomerine showed the highest activity (IC50 = 2.5 mM), similar to that of the reference compound galanthamine (IC50 = 1.7 mM). The results showed for the first time the presence of alkaloids leptomerine and skimmianine in E. leiocarpa (Engl.) with potent anticholinesterasic activity.
Keywords: Esenbeckia leiocarpa; Rutaceae; alkaloids; acetylcholinesterase inhibitors Esenbeckia leiocarpa; Rutaceae; alkaloids; acetylcholinesterase inhibitors
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Cardoso-Lopes, E.M.; Maier, J.A.; Silva, M.R.; Regasini, L.O.; Simote, S.Y.; Lopes, N.P.; Pirani, J.R.; Bolzani, V.S.; Young, M.C.M. Alkaloids from Stems of Esenbeckia leiocarpa Engl. (Rutaceae) as Potential Treatment for Alzheimer Disease. Molecules 2010, 15, 9205-9213.

AMA Style

Cardoso-Lopes EM, Maier JA, Silva MR, Regasini LO, Simote SY, Lopes NP, Pirani JR, Bolzani VS, Young MCM. Alkaloids from Stems of Esenbeckia leiocarpa Engl. (Rutaceae) as Potential Treatment for Alzheimer Disease. Molecules. 2010; 15(12):9205-9213.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cardoso-Lopes, Elaine Monteiro; Maier, James Andreas; Silva, Marcelo Rogério da; Regasini, Luis Octávio; Simote, Simone Yasue; Lopes, Norberto Peporine; Pirani, José Rubens; Bolzani, Vanderlan da Silva; Young, Maria Cláudia Marx. 2010. "Alkaloids from Stems of Esenbeckia leiocarpa Engl. (Rutaceae) as Potential Treatment for Alzheimer Disease." Molecules 15, no. 12: 9205-9213.


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