Open AccessThis article is
- freely available
Oxidative Decarboxylation of Levulinic Acid by Cupric Oxides
Department of Resources Science and Engineering, State Key Lab of Pulp and Paper Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, 510640, China
Department of Paper and Bioprocess Engineering, State University of New York-College of Environmental Science and Forestry, 1 Forestry Drive, Syracuse, NY 13210, USA
* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 October 2010; in revised form: 31 October 2010 / Accepted: 4 November 2010 / Published: 5 November 2010
Abstract: In this paper, cupric oxides was found to effectively oxidize levulinic acid (LA) and lead to the decarboxylation of levulinic acid to 2-butanone. The effects of cupric oxide dosage, reaction time and initial pH value were investigated in batch experiments and a plausible mechanism was proposed. The results showed that LA decarboxylation over cupric oxides at around 300 °C under acidic conditions produced the highest yield of butanone (67.5%). In order to elucidate the catalytic activity of cupric oxides, XRD, AFM, XPS and H2-TPR techniques was applied to examine their molecular surfaces and their effects on the reaction process.
Keywords: decarboxylation; levulinic acid (LA); 2– butanone; cupric oxides (CuO)
Citations to this Article
Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Gong, Y.; Lin, L.; Shi, J.; Liu, S. Oxidative Decarboxylation of Levulinic Acid by Cupric Oxides. Molecules 2010, 15, 7946-7960.
Gong Y, Lin L, Shi J, Liu S. Oxidative Decarboxylation of Levulinic Acid by Cupric Oxides. Molecules. 2010; 15(11):7946-7960.
Gong, Yan; Lin, Lu; Shi, Jianbin; Liu, Shijie. 2010. "Oxidative Decarboxylation of Levulinic Acid by Cupric Oxides." Molecules 15, no. 11: 7946-7960.