Next Article in Journal
Antimicrobial Metabolites from the Endophytic Fungus Pichia guilliermondii Isolated from Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis
Previous Article in Journal
Flavonoids from Halostachys caspica and Their Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Activities
Article Menu

Article Versions

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Molecules 2010, 15(11), 7946-7960; doi:10.3390/molecules15117946

Oxidative Decarboxylation of Levulinic Acid by Cupric Oxides

1
Department of Resources Science and Engineering, State Key Lab of Pulp and Paper Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, 510640, China
2
Department of Paper and Bioprocess Engineering, State University of New York-College of Environmental Science and Forestry, 1 Forestry Drive, Syracuse, NY 13210, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 October 2010 / Revised: 31 October 2010 / Accepted: 4 November 2010 / Published: 5 November 2010
Download PDF [361 KB, uploaded 18 June 2014]

Abstract

In this paper, cupric oxides was found to effectively oxidize levulinic acid (LA) and lead to the decarboxylation of levulinic acid to 2-butanone. The effects of cupric oxide dosage, reaction time and initial pH value were investigated in batch experiments and a plausible mechanism was proposed. The results showed that LA decarboxylation over cupric oxides at around 300 °C under acidic conditions produced the highest yield of butanone (67.5%). In order to elucidate the catalytic activity of cupric oxides, XRD, AFM, XPS and H2-TPR techniques was applied to examine their molecular surfaces and their effects on the reaction process.
Keywords: decarboxylation; levulinic acid (LA); 2– butanone; cupric oxides (CuO) decarboxylation; levulinic acid (LA); 2– butanone; cupric oxides (CuO)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Gong, Y.; Lin, L.; Shi, J.; Liu, S. Oxidative Decarboxylation of Levulinic Acid by Cupric Oxides. Molecules 2010, 15, 7946-7960.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]

Molecules EISSN 1420-3049 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top