Molecules 2010, 15(11), 7715-7723; doi:10.3390/molecules15117715
Article

Comparison of Microwave-Assisted and Conventional Hydrodistillation in the Extraction of Essential Oils from Mango (Mangifera indica L.) Flowers

Received: 27 August 2010; in revised form: 27 September 2010 / Accepted: 11 October 2010 / Published: 29 October 2010
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Microwave-assisted hydrodistillation (MAHD) is an advanced hydrodistillation (HD) technique, in which a microwave oven is used in the extraction process. MAHD and HD methods have been compared and evaluated for their effectiveness in the isolation of essential oils from fresh mango (Mangifera indica L.) flowers. MAHD offers important advantages over HD in terms of energy savings and extraction time (75 min against 4 h). The composition of the extracted essential oils was investigated by GC-FID and GC-MS. Results indicate that the use of microwave irradiation did not adversely influence the composition of the essential oils. MAHD was also found to be a green technology.
Keywords: Mangifera indica L.; essential oil; microwave-assisted hydrodistillation; GC-MS
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, H.-W.; Liu, Y.-Q.; Wei, S.-L.; Yan, Z.-J.; Lu, K. Comparison of Microwave-Assisted and Conventional Hydrodistillation in the Extraction of Essential Oils from Mango (Mangifera indica L.) Flowers. Molecules 2010, 15, 7715-7723.

AMA Style

Wang H-W, Liu Y-Q, Wei S-L, Yan Z-J, Lu K. Comparison of Microwave-Assisted and Conventional Hydrodistillation in the Extraction of Essential Oils from Mango (Mangifera indica L.) Flowers. Molecules. 2010; 15(11):7715-7723.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Hong-Wu; Liu, Yan-Qing; Wei, Shou-Lian; Yan, Zi-Jun; Lu, Kuan. 2010. "Comparison of Microwave-Assisted and Conventional Hydrodistillation in the Extraction of Essential Oils from Mango (Mangifera indica L.) Flowers." Molecules 15, no. 11: 7715-7723.

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