Molecules 2009, 14(6), 2135-2146; doi:10.3390/molecules14062135
Article

2β-(Isobutyryloxy)florilenalin, a Sesquiterpene Lactone Isolated from the Medicinal Plant Centipeda minima, Induces Apoptosis in Human Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma CNE Cells

1email, 2,3email, 1,4,* email and 2,3email
Received: 10 April 2009; in revised form: 12 May 2009 / Accepted: 2 June 2009 / Published: 12 June 2009
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Centipeda minima is a medicinal plant reputed in China as a remedy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). In this study, bioactivity-guided fractionation of the anti-NPC compound(s) from C. minima led to the isolation of 2β-(isobutyryloxy)florilenalin (IF), a sesquiterpene lactone. IF showed significant dose- and time- dependent inhibition on the growth of the human nasopharyngeal carcinoma epithelia cells (CNE). It induced apoptosis in CNE cells, as shown by the accumulation of sub-G1 cell population, DNA fragmentation and nuclear condensation, caspase-3 activation and PARP cleavage. Such induction was associated with the depletion of mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) and the release of cytochrome c to cytosol to regulate the expression of Bcl-2 family proteins. These activities led to the cleavage of caspases and the trigger of cell death process. Overall, IF in C. minima showed potent antiproliferative effect of C. minima on NPC cells, suggesting that the plant deserves more extensive investigation for its potential medicinal application.
Keywords: 2-β(isobutyryloxy)florilenalin; centipeda minima; sesquiterpene lactone; apoptosis; nasopharyngeal carcinoma
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MDPI and ACS Style

Su, M.; Li, Y.; Chung, H.Y.; Ye, W. 2β-(Isobutyryloxy)florilenalin, a Sesquiterpene Lactone Isolated from the Medicinal Plant Centipeda minima, Induces Apoptosis in Human Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma CNE Cells. Molecules 2009, 14, 2135-2146.

AMA Style

Su M, Li Y, Chung HY, Ye W. 2β-(Isobutyryloxy)florilenalin, a Sesquiterpene Lactone Isolated from the Medicinal Plant Centipeda minima, Induces Apoptosis in Human Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma CNE Cells. Molecules. 2009; 14(6):2135-2146.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Su, Miaoxian; Li, Yaolan; Chung, Hau Yin; Ye, Wencai. 2009. "2β-(Isobutyryloxy)florilenalin, a Sesquiterpene Lactone Isolated from the Medicinal Plant Centipeda minima, Induces Apoptosis in Human Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma CNE Cells." Molecules 14, no. 6: 2135-2146.

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