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Evodiamine: A Novel Anti-Cancer Alkaloid from Evodia rutaecarpa
Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Central South University, Xiang-Ya Road #110, Changsha 410078, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 April 2009; in revised form: 4 May 2009 / Accepted: 7 May 2009 / Published: 18 May 2009
Abstract: Traditional Chinese herbs are regarded as a new and promising source of potential anti-cancer remedies and new chemotherapy adjuvants to enhance the efficacy of chemotherapy and/or to ameliorate its side effects. Extensive investigations have been undertaken both in the experimental and clinical studies over the years to augment the efficacy of chemotherapy. Evodia rutaecarpa is a very popular multi-purpose herb traditionally used in China for the treatment of headaches, abdominal pain, postpartum hemorrhage, dysentery and amenorrhea. The major constituents of Evodia rutaecarpa are evodiamine and rutaecarpine. Growing evidence demonstrates that evodiamine possesses anti-cancer activities both in vitro and in vivo by inhibiting proliferation, invasion and metastasis, inducing apoptosis of a variety of tumor cell lines. This review is aimed to summarize the recent researches on evodiamine focusing on anti-cancer activity and to highlight molecular mechanisms during the past ten years.
Keywords: evodiamine; anti-cancer; apoptosis; proliferation; angiogenesis
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MDPI and ACS Style
Jiang, J.; Hu, C. Evodiamine: A Novel Anti-Cancer Alkaloid from Evodia rutaecarpa. Molecules 2009, 14, 1852-1859.
Jiang J, Hu C. Evodiamine: A Novel Anti-Cancer Alkaloid from Evodia rutaecarpa. Molecules. 2009; 14(5):1852-1859.
Jiang, Junlin; Hu, Changping. 2009. "Evodiamine: A Novel Anti-Cancer Alkaloid from Evodia rutaecarpa." Molecules 14, no. 5: 1852-1859.