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Molecules 2009, 14(4), 1585-1594; doi:10.3390/molecules14041585

Essential Oil Composition of Artemisia herba-alba from Southern Tunisia

Laboratoire d'Aridoculture et Culture Oasienne, Institut des Régions Arides 4119 Medenine, Tunisia
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Received: 19 January 2009 / Revised: 27 February 2009 / Accepted: 9 March 2009 / Published: 20 April 2009
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Abstract

The composition of the essential oil hydrodistilled from the aerial parts of 18 individual Artemisia herba-alba Asso. plants collected in southern Tunisia was determined by GC and GCMS analysis. The oil yield varied between 0.68% v/w and 1.93% v/w. One hundred components were identified, 21 of of which are reported for the first time in Artemisia herba-alba oil. The oil contained 10 components with percentages higher than 10%. The main components were cineole, thujones, chrysanthenone, camphor, borneol, chrysanthenyl acetate, sabinyl acetate, davana ethers and davanone. Twelve samples had monoterpenes as major components, three had sesquiterpenes as major components and the last three samples had approximately the same percentage of monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes. The chemical compositions revealed that ten samples had compositions similar to those of other Artemisia herba-alba essential oils analyzed in other countries. The remaining eight samples had an original chemical composition.
Keywords: Herba-alba; Asteraceae; Essential oil composition; Chemotypes Herba-alba; Asteraceae; Essential oil composition; Chemotypes
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Mohsen, H.; Ali, F. Essential Oil Composition of Artemisia herba-alba from Southern Tunisia. Molecules 2009, 14, 1585-1594.

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