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Molecules 2009, 14(4), 1513-1536; doi:10.3390/molecules14041513

Comparative Molecular Docking of Antitrypanosomal Natural Products into Multiple Trypanosoma brucei Drug Targets

Department of Chemistry, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL 35899, USA
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Received: 22 February 2009 / Revised: 7 April 2009 / Accepted: 8 April 2009 / Published: 14 April 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Neglected Diseases: Medicinal Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry)
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Abstract

Antitrypanosomal natural products with different structural motifs previously shown to have growth inhibitory activity against Trypanosoma brucei were docked into validated drug targets of the parasite, which include trypanothione reductase, rhodesain, farnesyl diphosphate synthase, and triosephosphate isomerase. The in-silico calculations predicted that lowest energy docked poses of a number of the compounds can interact with catalysis-dependent residues, thus making them possible catalytic inhibitors and of course physiologically active. Compounds that possess a number of hydrogen-bond-accepting and/or -donating groups like phenolics and quinones show extensive interactions with the targets. Compounds like cissampeloflavone, 3-geranylemodin and ningpogenin thus offer profound promise. View Full-Text
Keywords: Docking; Antitrypanosomal agents; Natural products; Trypanosoma brucei; Protease; Sleeping sickness Docking; Antitrypanosomal agents; Natural products; Trypanosoma brucei; Protease; Sleeping sickness
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Ogungbe, I.V.; Setzer, W.N. Comparative Molecular Docking of Antitrypanosomal Natural Products into Multiple Trypanosoma brucei Drug Targets. Molecules 2009, 14, 1513-1536.

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